英语高分背诵 应用文写作2009年真题及范文

2009-10-20 18:27:11 来源: 网易教育频道综合 举报
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Directions:

Restrictions on the use of plastic bags have not been so successful in some regions. “White Pollution” is still going on. Write a letter to the editor(s) of your local newspaper to

1) give your opinions briefly, and

2) make two or three suggestions.

You should write about 100 words on ANSWER SHEET 2. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Li Ming” instead. Do not write the address.  (10 points)

&︾︾︾︾︾︾︾ ︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾&

本题目要求考生写一封“建议信”给当地报纸的编辑。“政府对使用白色塑料袋的禁止令在有些地区执行得还不成功。‘白色污染’仍在上演。给当地报纸的编辑写一封信,信中首先简单地给出你的意见,然后提出两、三建议。你的建议信不少于100个单词。要清楚地写在答题卡2上面。不要在信的结尾写出你的姓名,可使用‘李明’代替。不要写出地址(10)

结合题目要求,考生要构思一封建议信。写信目的是对使用塑料垃圾袋的禁止令执行不力提出自己的建议。写信原因是考生要表达对政府禁止使用塑料袋在有些地区不成功的看法。

&︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾&

信头的常用句式:

1. I am eager to give my advice on…

  我迫切地要就……给出我的建议。

2. I, the undersigned, would like to express my concern about…

  本写信人想要表达对……的关注。

3. First of all, please take my suggestions concerned seriously.

  首先,请认真考虑我相关的建议。

4. When it comes to it, my suggestions are as follows.

  就这件事来说,我的建议如下所述。

5. You would be conquering it if you took my advice below into account.

  如果您能认真考虑我下面的建议,您就会克服这件事情的。

信尾的常用句式:

1. Thank you for your attention to my advice.

  谢谢您对我的建议的注意。

2. If you want further information as to this matter, please inform me soon.

  如果您想要关于这件事的进一步信息,请尽快通知我。

3. I must warn you of your wrong decision, again.

  我必须再一次警告你的错误的决定。

4. Please accept my sincere wishes for your future.

  请接受我对您未来的衷心的祝愿

5. It is up to you.

  这取决于你自己。

                          Jan 10h, 2009

Dear Editor,

    I am writing this letter to you in order to give my views and opinions on our government’s ban on the use of plastic bags in local areas, because I think the effect of it fails a lot.

    I know that there are many local residents in favor of the use of plastic bags so that many businesses would still attract their regular customers by still using plastic bags which has led to the “white pollution” in the local. However, in order to cope with the worsening problem, my suggestion is that a substitute for plastic bags should be made and accepted by the customers. In addition, local authorities are supposed to make relative laws against the use of plastic bags.

    I would appreciate it if you could take my suggestions seriously. I am looking forward to hearing from you soon.

 

                        Yours faithfully,

                          Li Ming

                         (141ords)

 

 

 

    首段表明写信目的、写信背景。

 

 

    作者在中间段阐述了商家摸透了消费者愿意使用塑料袋的心理,从而利用这点来吸引消费者。随后给出两条建议解决这种情况。

 

 

 

 

 

    衷心希望报社编辑考虑自己的建议,并盼望收到回信。

 

 

1. ban [bæn] n. 禁令 vt. 禁止,取缔

They threatened to ban the book.

他们威胁要查禁此书。

2. fail [feil] v. 失败,不及格; 衰退,减退

The first attempt may fail, but we don't care about that.

第一次尝试可能会失败,但是我们并不为此担忧。 

3. favor [5feivE] n. 好感; 恩惠,助 vt. 支持,赞成,偏爱;长得像

He showed me his favor.

他表达了对我的支持。

The girl favors her mother with her nose.

这个女孩子的鼻子长得像她的妈妈。

4. worsen ['wə:sn] vi/vt. 使恶化

This could worsen the problem.

这件事情使得问题更糟糕了。

The patient’ physical condition worsened.

病人身体情况恶化了。

5. authority [C:5WCriti] n. 权威, 权力;[pl.]当局

Local authorities decided to rebuild this road.

当地政府决定重建这条道路。

亲爱的编辑,

我给您写信是为了就政府在本地区禁止使用塑料袋一事给出自己的看法与意见。我认为政府禁止令没有起到作用。

我知道有许多当地居民赞同使用塑料袋,以至于本地许多商家为了吸引住老顾客仍然坚持使用塑料袋,这便导致了本地区“白色污染”的出现。然而,为了解决这个问题,我的建议是制造出一种被大众接受并能替代塑料袋的物品。另外,政府应该制定法律抵制使用塑料袋。如果您能考虑我的建议,我将十分感激,盼望您的回信。

 

                                                     真诚的,

                                                      李明

原句:I am writing this letter to you in order to give my views and opinions on our government’s ban on the use of plastic bags in local areas, because I think the effect of it fails a lot.

病句:I am writing this letter to you in order to give my views and opinions on our government’s ban on the use of plastic bags in local areas, because I think the effect of it is failed a lot.

分析:这句话中原因状语是由一个复合句充当的,其中主句为“I think”,宾语从句为“the effect of it fails a lot”。很多考生会把这个宾语从句中的谓语动词“fails”写成“is failed”,这是错误的。之所以考生会出错,是因为对“fail”的意思不清楚,这个动词可以做不及物动词,直接做谓语,没有被动形式。

 

原句:I am writing this letter to you in order to give my views and opinions on our government’s ban on the use of plastic bags in local areas, because I think the effect of it fails a lot.

活用:I would like to make a few suggestions on how to carry out the government’s ban on the use of plastic bags in local area due to our previous failure in it.

原句:In addition, local authorities are supposed to make relative laws against the use of plastic bags.

      活用:Besides, strict laws could be made by the authorities to forbid the continual use of plastic bags.

雨佳 本文来源:网易教育频道综合 责任编辑:王晓易_NE0011
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