英语高分背诵 议论文写作2006年真题与范文

2009-10-20 18:31:30 来源: 网易教育频道综合 举报
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Directions:

Study the following photos carefully and write an essay in which you should

1) describe the photos briefly,

2) interpret the social phenomenon reflected by them, and

3) give your point of view.

You should write 160 – 200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2. (20 points)

        


           : Beckham (贝克汉姆)英国足球明星。

&︾︾︾︾︾︾︾ ︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾&

本文是典型的图画作文,所以其构思创作的步骤为:描述图画,说明内涵,例证或表明自己的观点。本文首段应该描写图画中年轻人盲目追星现象的表现特征。题目给出了两幅图画,考生要仔细观察两幅图画中的共性,从而在布局首段内容时才能重点突出。接着,考生要去思考这种现象下面的本质,考生可以从现象成因和影响等方面思考。在下面教育部出示的范文中,考生可以仔细体会作者入木三分的分析。最后,考生应该提出通过全社会的努力如何能够帮助年轻人树立正确的偶像崇拜观。

&︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾&

常用句式:

1. As is vividly revealed in the drawing above …

  正如上面图画生动地表明的一样……

2. Everyone could not deny that…

  没有人会否认……

3. So far as I know, some factors that contribute to the above tendency may be summarized as below. First of all ... What’s more ... The last one is...

就我而言,造成如上趋势的因素可以被总结如下。首先,…… 其次,…… 最后,……

4. Taking into account all these factors offered above, we may carefully reach the conclusion that...

考虑到上述的所有因素,我们可以仔细地得出……的结论。

5. Only in this way, can we…

只有这样,我们才能……

    The photos vividly depict that nowadays many people, especially, young fellows are tracing such fashion. The first one signed the name of Beckham on his left face, while the second one asked the hairdresser to copy the hair style of Beckham with about 300 yuan. Both of them are typical fans of the well-known British football player—Beckham.

    This kind of social phenomenon is not entirely a coincidence. There are reasons accounting for this fashion. Firstly, with the rapid development of society, some people feel dull and desperate about the reality, so they desire to find some famous people as their own idols. In the way, they feel satisfied with their life and have a goal to achieve. Secondly, just opposite to the above, others are just fashion tracers. They barely want to show that they are keeping step with the fashion. Thirdly, some people even don’t have any special purpose but do it as others. In their deep heart, they don’t treat it as fashion but as fun.

    Frankly speaking, this social phenomenon is very dangerous to the whole society. Some young men spend most of their time decorating themselves as their idols. As a result, they don’t have enough time to study or work, then they are always left behind. Moreover, it is harmful to the establishment of a harmonious society.

    To draw a conclusion, we don’t deny that people should have their idols to admire, but in a sensible way. They can learn from what they have achieved and try to behave that way. And also parents should give proper advice to their children to form a proper outlook of the world. (276 words)

    本年考研英语大作文是两幅图画。这要求考生必须对这两幅图画先概括描述,再分别较详细地描述。本段仍然采用总、分、总的写作手法。

 

 

    中间段采用了列举法说明。作者对这种社会现象的产生原因进行了入木三分地分析,让读者赞不绝口。本段所述原因来自于作者对现代人心理的剖析,在赏析时,请考生仔细体会。

 

 

 

 

 

 

    段并不是空穴来风,相反,是不可缺少的部分。作者在上段说明了这种社会现象的原因之后,在本段说明了这种现象会产生的社会影像与危害,从而引出下文对主题的议论

    作者重申主题,表明自己的观点,提出解决问题的方法。

1. depict [di'pikt] vt. 描述, 描写

Writers depict life with their pen.

作家用笔来描述生活。

2. coincidence [kEu5insidEns] n. 巧合, 同时发生

What a coincidence that they share one dormitory!

他们住同一宿舍,多巧啊!

3. desire [di5zaiE] v. 渴望;要求 n. 愿望,欲望,心愿

The teacher desires that you (should) see her at once.

老师要你立即见她。

4. idol ['aidl] n. 偶像, 崇拜物, 宠儿, 幻象, 谬论

Young people should not make an idol of money.

年轻人不应该崇拜金钱。

5. achieve [E5tFi:v] vt 完成,实现,达到,获得

Nothing would prevent him from achieving his ambition.

没有任何事情能阻止他实现自己的雄心壮志。

6. decorate [5dekEreit] vt 装饰;装潢

The family decorate the Christmas tree with glass balls and lights.

全家人用玻璃球和小灯泡装饰圣诞树。

7. harmonious [hɑ:'məunjəs] a. 和睦的, 调和的, 和谐的, 协调的

This building has been simple, restrained and harmonious in style.

这座大楼建造风格朴实、严谨、和谐

8. outlook [5autluk] n. 观点, 景色, 前途, 了望

Before choosing your field of studyyou should investigate its long-term employment outlook. 

选择专业时,你应该研究一下它的长期就业前景。

 

这两幅图画生动地刻画了现在许多人,尤其是年轻人,正在追赶的一种潮流。第一个年轻人把贝克汉姆的名字写在了自己的左脸上,而第二个年轻人花300元钱请美发师为自己复制了贝克汉姆的发式。这两个人都是英国著名足球运动员——贝克汉姆的忠实的“粉丝”。

这两种现象并不是巧合。有原因能够解释之,如下所述。首先,随着社会的快速发展,有些人觉得现实枯燥无味,甚至是绝望的,于是他们想找些名人做自己的偶像,这样他们才会满意自己的生活,觉得有目标去追寻。其次,有些人刚好与上面提到的那些人相反,他们只是“弄潮儿”,他们只是想表现出自己很时尚。第三,有些人这样做没有什么特别的目的,只是看到别人做,自己也做。在他们的心中,这样做并不是追时髦,而是好玩儿。

坦率地讲,这种社会现象对我们整个社会是非常危险的。有些年轻人花掉自己绝大多数时间就是为了把自己装扮成自己偶像的模样,结果他们失去了学习和工作的宝贵时间,从而掉队了。况且,这种社会现象对于我们构建和谐社会也是非常有害的。

总之,我们不能否认,人们是应该有偶像崇拜的,但是必须明智。他们应该从偶像取得的成绩中学东西,并且模仿之行为。同时,家长也应该给孩子们正确的建议,以使得孩子们树立正确的世界观。

原句:Both of them are typical fans of the well-known British football player—Beckham.

病句:Both of them are typical fans of the British well-known football player—Beckham.

分析:考生在这句话中很可能会犯一个错误,即定语排序的问题。这句话中“the well-known British football player”往往被考生错写成“the British well-known football player”。这个错误看起来不起眼,但是它违背了定语修饰名词的原则。当定语为并列定语修饰核心名词的时候,越是客观的定语,越要靠近被修饰的核心名词。这里“British”比“well-known”更加客观。

原句:Some young men spend most of their time decorating themselves as their idols.

病句:Some young men spend most of their time decorate themselves as their idols.

分析:考生在这个句子中往往会犯一个低级错误,就是把spend…doing…”误认为是“spend…do…”。

原句:There are reasons accounting for this fashion.

病句:There are reasons account for this fashion.

分析:考生会忽略“there be…”这一倒装句式。他们往往把上面句子中的“accounting”变成“account”,这是错误的。因为这里是现在分词短语做主语的后置定语。

原句:There are reasons accounting for this fashion.

活用:Several reasons can be illustrated below.

原句:Moreover, it is harmful to the establishment of a harmonious society.

活用:Besides, such a phenomenon endangers our harmonious society.

原句:To draw a conclusion, we don’t deny that people should have their idols to admire, but in a sensible way.

活用:In my opinion, people are supposed to admire their own idols sensibly.

雨佳 本文来源:网易教育频道综合 责任编辑:王晓易_NE0011
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