英语高分背诵 议论文写作2007年真题与范文

2009-10-20 18:32:28 来源: 网易教育频道综合 举报
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Directions:

Write an essay of 160–200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should

1) describe the drawing briefly,

2) explain its intended meaning, and then

3) support your view with an example/examples.

You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2.  (20 points)


&︾︾︾︾︾︾︾ ︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾&

要求考生根据图片写一篇160-200单词的文章,要求考生简单描述图片,解释它的意思,用例子来支持自己的观点。图画作文一般要求对漫画进行分析,对某种社会现象或者图画寓意进行评论。考生需要结合社会现实生活,准确理解图画。结合本年考研英语大作文没有“画外音”这一特点,考生更需仔细领会命题组专家的出题精神。图画描述的是在足球场上,射手和守门员在开赛前的心理活动。两个人物头顶上方的泡泡图是漫画中用来表示人物心理活动的习惯方法。在射手看来,守门员与球门一样大,在守门员看来,自己是根本无法守住大门的。两个人面对自己的任务与使命是如此没有自信!于是,考生便理解了图画的深刻内涵。运用例证进行中间段的构思与布局,最后是帮助年轻人树立自信。

&︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾&

常用句式:

1. We can conclude from the above picture that...

  从上面的图画中,我们可以得出……的结论。

2. The photos betrays…

  这些照片表明了……

3. There are several significant reasons as follows. Firstly ... Secondly ... Thirdly,...

  有些重要原因如下所述。首先,…… 其次,…… 还有,……

4. In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of... Only in this way can... in the future.

总之,全社会应该对……问题给予极大的注意。只有这样,……在未来,才能……

5. It goes without saying that…

  毫无疑问……

    As we can see from the cartoon, a football player is preparing to kick the ball while the goalkeeper is guarding the goal. However, the goalkeeper imagines himself to be a dwarf in front of the vast net while the attacker is imagining the goalkeeper to be a giant as big as the goal.

    Obviouslythe cartoon is trying to depict a universal phenomenonthe overestimation of rivals while the underestimation of oneself. What is deep-rooted in this illusion is the lack of confidence, which will prevent people from tapping their potentials and in some cases even makes them lose. To make it worse, a person’s lack of confidence might result in the distrust from others. What is obvious is that one who has full confidence in himself is more than likely to conquer the world, let alone his timid competitors. A case in point is Liu Xiang, the greatest Chinese athlete who has won many championships in hurdle race. He shows friendship to every rival but he has never said, “Somebody is better than me”. He says, “Of course I will win”, instead.

    In a word, we should set Liu Xiang as our example and always bear in mind that confidence is a secret weapon of ours. As long as we have trust in ourselves, we fear nothing. (218 words)

    作者在首段描写了图画所要告诉我们的现象。本年度的图画在很多考生看来比较难理解。但是仔细观察,考生是不难发现主题的。

 

    作者在中间段利用了先说明缺乏自信会给人们带来的危害,然后运用例证法增加文章的说服力。本段以我国著名跨栏运动员刘翔为例,增加了文章的生活气息与说服力。请考生注意本段首句。这句话言简意赅地表达了作者对主题的理解。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    鼓励读者,采取措施。

 

 

1. goal [^Eul] n. 目标,终点;()球门

His painstaking to attain his goal in life is praiseworthy.

他为实现人生目标所下的苦功是值得称赞的。

2. dwarf [dwC:f] n. 矮子, 侏儒

A dwarf on a giant's shoulders sees the farther of the two.

巨人肩上的侏儒比巨人看得更远。

3. universal [7ju:ni5vE:sEl] adj. 普遍的;通用的;全世界的

The government introduced universal secondary education years ago.

几年前,政府就倡导普及中等教育。

4. illusion [i5lu:VEn] n. 幻影, 错觉, 幻想

Extreme heat can create an illusion of water on a highway in the summer. 

盛夏酷暑会造成公路上有水的幻觉。

5. potential[ pə'tenʃ(ə)l ]  adj. 潜在的 n. 可能性,潜力

Some people say that violent movies are potential triggers for juvenile delinquency.

一些人说暴力影片可能引起青少年犯罪。

6. confidence[5kCnfidEns] n. 信任;信心

He determined to talk to her and win her confidence.

他决定同她谈一谈,要争取获得她的信任。

7. rival[5raivEl] n. 竞争者, 对手 v. 竞争, 对抗, 相匹敌adj. 竞争的

He triumphed over the defeated rival

他对被击败的对手露出一副得意的神色。

8. bear[bZE] n.   v. 负担忍受带给,记住,具有,生孩子,(bore/born/borne)

Bear in mind that you should make efforts to study English.

记住,你应该努力学习英语。

The tree bears many peaches. 

树上结满了桃子。

从上面的卡通图画中我们可以看到,一名球员正要射门,而守门员正在守大门。然而,守门员认为自己就是球门前面的一个侏儒,可是射手却认为这个守门员和球门一样大。

很明显,这幅图画正在努力表达一个普遍的现象——高估对手而低估自己。在错觉背后隐藏的是缺乏自信。这会使得人们无法发挥自己的潜能,有些时候甚至会使得人们失败。更糟糕的是,一个人没有自信会使得别人不相信他。很明显,对自己有完全自信的人更有可能战胜一切,更不用说胆小的对手。比如刘翔,他是一名最伟大的中国运动员,在跨栏比赛中已经赢得了许多冠军。他对所有的选手都很友好,但是他从来没有说过,“某人比我强”。相反,他说,“我当然能赢”。

总之,我们应该以刘翔为榜样,并且时刻牢记,自信是我们的秘密武器。只要我们自信,我们便无所惧。

原句:What is deep-rooted in this illusion is the lack of confidence, which will prevent people from tapping their potentials and in some cases even makes them lose.

分析:考生对上面这句话往往是赞叹不如。这句话的难度在于它是主语从句、名词短语、定语从句等语法现象的综合运用。其中容易出错的是考生无法想到“the lack of…”结构。

原句:In a word, we should set Liu Xiang as our example and always bear in mind that confidence is a secret weapon of ours.

分析:考生经常会把一个比较长的宾语部分“that confidence is a secret weapon of ours”放在动词短语“bear … in mind”之间。这样会引起读者的理解上的混乱。如果按照原句中所示,将宾语部分后置于“in mind”,则有助于读者对句子的理解。

原句:What is deep-rooted in this illusion is the lack of confidence, which will prevent people from tapping their potentials and in some cases even makes them lose.

活用:The lack of confidence, a factor preventing people from tapping their potentials and in some cases even making them lose, underlines this illusion.

原句:To make it worse, a person’s lack of confidence might result in the distrust from others.

活用:Even worse, people would distrust those lacking confidence.

原句:As long as we have trust in ourselves, we fear nothing.

      活用:Nothing can prevent a confident man.

雨佳 本文来源:网易教育频道综合 责任编辑:王晓易_NE0011
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