英语高分背诵 议论文写作2008年真题与范文

2009-10-20 18:33:06 来源: 网易教育频道综合 举报
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Directions:

Write an essay of 160–200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should

1) describe the drawing briefly,

2) explain its intended meaning, and then

3) give your comments.

You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2.  (20 points)


&︾︾︾︾︾︾︾ ︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾&

画图作文往往是一张抽象而意味深长的图片或者漫画,跳出去年抽象到如同让人猜迷的圈子,这一年的命题明显直接了许多。图片中两个人拄着拐杖觉得走得不快,后来两个人抛开了拐杖互相扶持前进,速度大大提高,甚至可以“走南闯北”,其中寓意不言自明:个人的力量往往不敌众人齐心。创作文章时,首段要描述图画,图画中出现的事物有两个残疾青年互相扶持前进,以及抛在身后的拐杖,尘土飞扬说明两人健步如飞。翻译一下图片配备的文字,描述段就很完整了。中段点出寓意,分析团结和合作的重要性,避免只谈意义,造成文章内容空洞,可以采取举例法、因果法、反面论证法等多种手段丰富文章内容。最后一段议论,可以采取建议法,提出对我们自己和我们的下一代的建议,再次重申团结和合作的重要性。

&︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾&

常用句式:

1. In my opinion, this point of view doesn’t hold water.

  在我看来,这个观点站不住脚。

2. The chief reason why… is that…

  ……的主要原因是……

3. There is a certain amount of truth in this, but we still have a problem with regard to…

  这件事在某种程度上是对的,但是我对于……仍然有疑问。

4. Wonderful as A is , however, it has its own disadvantages too.

  尽管A很精彩,但是,它也有自己的缺点。

5. It can be easily denied that…

  我们可以很容易地否定……

    As is vividly portrayed in the picture, two handicapped young men are working together by using the only leg left and heading towards their destination with vigorous strides, leaving both of their crutches behind. The imperfection of their bodies being no longer an obstacle on their journey, they support each other with firm hands and proceed steadily. The caption indicates that they can travel everywhere they want to with combined legs.

    Obviously, the cartoonist aims at reminding us of the importance of cooperation in our daily life. Hardly can anyone achieve success in his career without the hands of his friends or relatives. As competition in every field grows much more fierce, people must reach their goals through powerful team work. Take basketball hero Yao Ming for an example, he can slam the dunk smartly because all his teammates contribute more or less to his outstanding performance. Likewise, the successful launching of Chang'e No.1 lunar probe should be attributed to the Chinese scientists’ joint efforts instead of individual accomplishment.

    Thuswe may draw a conclusion that cooperation and team spirit are decisive in this competitive society. Wetherefore, should cooperate harmoniously with our partners in every attempt towards our destination. Additionally, it is indispensable to train our kids frequently to interact with others in a team. We should always bear in mind that unity is strength.

(228 words)

    作者对图画观察得十分仔细,在首段详细地描写了一副给人振奋的画面。两名残残疾青年相互合作、勇往直前的合作精神便是本年考研英语大作文的主题。

 

    作者在中间段运用了阐明现代人必须重视合作的原因与合作的重要意义。同时,作者举出著名篮球运动员姚明的例子,增加了可读性与说服力。接着,作者利用类比法指出我国嫦娥1号月球探测仪的成功发射这又一例证。

 

 

    重申主题,提出如何培养孩子们的与人合作的能力。请注意本段中的首尾句。

 

1. portray[pC:5trei] vt. 描绘, 描写, ……的肖像

It's not easy to portray flesh and blood. 

塑造一个有血有肉的形象是不容易的。

2. handicap[5hAndikAp] n. 障碍, 困难, 不利条件 vt. 加障碍于, 妨碍

Poor eyesight is a handicap to a student.

视力不好对学生来说是一个障碍。

3. proceed[prE5si:d] vi. 继续进行

The talks proceeded in a friendly atmosphere.

会谈是在友好的气氛中进行的。

4. slam[slAm] n. 砰然声, 猛然, 猛烈的抨击 vt. 猛然关上, 砰地关上, 猛烈抨击 vi. 砰地关上, 猛攻

It wasn't very friendly of you to slam the door in his face.

你冲着他摔门太伤和气了.

5. attribute[E5tribju(:)t] n. 属性,标志,定语 vt. 把……归于,认为……属于

The general manager attributed his company's success to the unity of all the staff.

总经理说他们公司之所以获得成功是由于全体员工的团结的结果。

6. decisive[di5saisiv] adj. 决定性的, 坚定的, 果断的

This project seemed too large a target for decisive results.

这个计划的目标似乎太大,因此很难收到决定性的效果。

7. indispensable [͵indis'pensəbl] n. 不可缺少之物a. 不可缺少的, 责无旁贷的, 绝对必要的

Health is indispensable to everyone. 

健康是人人所必要的。

8. strength[streNW] n. , 力量;实力

Every time the workers stuck together they showed their strength and won. 

每当工人们团结起来的时候,他们就显示出力量并取得胜利。

 

正如图画中生动地描述的那样,两名残疾青年利用仅剩下的腿,互相搀扶,迈着充满活力的步伐,勇往直前,共同奔向目的地,他们的拐杖被抛在了后面。他们身体上的残缺不再是他们前进路上的障碍,他们紧紧地相互搀扶,稳稳地前进。解释文字表明了,他们想要利用两个人的力量,走向任何地方。

很明显,这幅图画旨在提醒我们日常生活中合作的重要性。没有朋友和亲人的支持,几乎没有人可以在自己的事业上取得成功。随着各行各业中竞争的加剧,人们只有通过团队才能够实现自己的目标。这里以姚明为例,他能够帅气地扣篮,全是因为他的队友们或多或少对他出色表现的帮助。同样,我国嫦娥1号月球探测仪的成功发射也应该归功于中国科学家们共同的努力,而不是个人的努力。

所以我们可以得出这样的结论,就是合作与团队精神在竞争的世界中起到了重要的作用。因此我们应该与我们的同伴很好地合作,尽一切努力去达到我们的目的。另外,培养孩子们在一个团队中经常与别人协作也是必不可少的。我们应该牢记:团结就是力量。

原句:Hardly can anyone achieve success in his career without the hands of his friends or relatives.

分析:这句话是由“hardly”引导的部分倒装句。考生往往会忽略部分倒装这一句法现象。考生应该对能够引导部分倒装句的副词给予注意,类似的词汇还有:never, nor, seldom…

原句:Take basketball hero Yao Ming for an example, he can slam the dunk smartly because all his teammates contribute more or less to his outstanding performance.

分析:考生请注意这个句子中的一个动词短语“take … for an example(……为例)。很多考生把这个结构中“for an example”给丢掉了

原句:Hardly can anyone achieve success in his career without the hands of his friends or relatives.

活用:It is with the hands of his friends or relatives that one can succeed in his career.

原句:As competition in every field grows much more fierce, people must reach their goals through powerful team work.

活用:Faced with increasingly fierce competition in every field, those aware of the power of team work would achieve his goal.

原句:Additionally, it is indispensable to train our kids frequently to interact with others in a team.

活用:Moreover, children are required to develop their capacity of communication with each other in a team.

雨佳 本文来源:网易教育频道综合 责任编辑:王晓易_NE0011
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