英语高分背诵 议论文写作2009年真题与范文

2009-10-20 18:33:35 来源: 网易教育频道综合 举报
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Directions

Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should

1) describe the drawing briefly,

2) explain its intended meaning, and then

3) give your comments

You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2. (20 points)


&︾︾︾︾︾︾︾ ︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾︾&

本年考研英语大作文的主题来自于考生的生活。如今网络普及程度很高,人们在享受着高科技文明带来的丰硕成果的同时也面临着图画画外音所引发的思考。题目要求考生根据图片写一篇160-200单词的文章,要简单描述图片,解释它的意思,阐明自己的观点。电脑、互联网的出现的确为人类社会带来了巨大的方便,同时也有其负面的影响。考生在构思的过程中,应该肯定其正面意义,同时对负面影响提出自己的分析和解决方法。最后考生要提出自己的建议,即明智地上网。

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常用句式:

1. With the development of economy and increase in the living standard, the number of people … is on the rise.

随着经济发展和生活水平的提高,……的人口数量正在增长。

2. Considering the advantages and disadvantages, I think…

考虑到优势和劣势,我认为……

3. From the drawing we may see a vivid scene : …

从这幅图画中,我们可以看到一幅生动的画面:……

4. If all those factors are contemplated, the advantages of... carry more weight than those of...

如果仔细考虑所有因素的话,……的优势会比……的优势更多。

5. It would be possible to think that ..., but it would be foolish to claim that..., and it would be more foolish to believe that...

或许认为……是可能的,但是认为……就很愚蠢,而认为……就更加愚蠢。

    The drawing vividly depicts that a circular area has been divided into a number of sub-sections, and there is one person in each sub-section, working or playing on a computer. Nowadays many people, especially, young fellows are tracing such a fashion of life and working style. What is conveyed in the drawing is realistic and most meaningful.

    There are some reasons accounting for this fashion. Firstly, with the rapid development of society, advances in office equipments have been made, which has led to the improvement of people’s working means in their offices. Therefore, many are required to excel in computer operation. Secondly, Internet enmeshes the world so that people assume they can communicate on it with other colleagues or friends at home and abroad without stepping out of their rooms. Thirdly, some people even don’t want to waste their valuable time so that they turn to Internet to gain what they want. Some, even, have become addicted to the internet.

    Frankly speaking, this social phenomenon is another double-edged sword. It has both positive and negative impacts on the whole society. It is universally accepted that Internet offers many benefits to people. Some young men, on the opposite, spend most of their time in front of computers, which would lead them into poor health. Moreover, it is harmful to the establishment of people’s ability to communicate with others.

    To draw a conclusion, we don’t deny that people should take advantage of Internet, but in a sensible way. And also parents should give proper advice to their children to form a proper outlook of surfing on Internet. (265 words)

    作者在首段对图画进行了详细地描写。本段尾句是引出下文的好句子。

 

 

 

    作者在中间段用了标准的列举法说明产生这种现象的成因。请考生认真体会作者在构思寻找现象成因时的观察力。所谓考研英语写作素材源自生活,请考生在备考明年考研英语作文时牢记!

 

 

    作者在本段说明了现象造成的消极影响。这为后面引出议论非常关键。

 

 

 

 

 

    作者认为,针对网络,人们要发挥其优势,但是必须明智地利用之。

 

1. circular ['sə:kjulə] a. 圆形的, 循环的, 间接的

He is reading a circular letter. 

他正在阅读一封传阅文件。

2. convey [kEn5vei] vt. 运送;传达

I can't convey my feelings in words.

我的情感难以言表。

3. means [mi:nz] n. 方法, 手段, 工具, 财产, 收入

There is no doubt that radio and television are important means of communication.

毫无疑问,收音机和电视是信息交流的重要工具。

4. excel [ik5sel] vt. 胜过, 优于, 擅长 vi. 胜过其他

They each excel in their respective fields.  

他们在各自领域里都是出类拔萃的

5. enmesh [in'me∫,en-] vt. 使绊住, 使陷入

The girl was enmeshed in a web of deceit and lies.
这个女孩儿陷入了一个坑蒙拐骗的圈套.

6. addict [E5dikt] vt. 使沉溺,使上瘾 n. 入迷的人,上瘾者

Some people have become addicted to Internet.

有些人上网成瘾了。

7. sensible [5sensEbl] adj. 明智的, 合情合理的

He is sensible of the danger of his position.

他发觉他处境危险。

8. surf [sə:f] n. 海浪, 拍岸浪vi. 作冲浪运动

You have to surf through a variety of sites. 

你不得不去浏览各种网站。 

这幅图画生动地刻画了一个被分割成若干个小区域的圆形区域,在每个小区域中都有一个人在电脑前工作或娱乐。如今许多人,尤其是年轻人正在追求着这种生活与工作的时尚。图画所传递的内涵是现实的而且非常有意义。

这种追求时尚的现象是有其原因的。首先,随着科学技术的发展,办公室设备得到了发展,这已经带来了办公手段的改进。因此,人们需要精通电脑操作。其次,互联网网络了整个世界,所以人们认为,足不出户便可以在网络上与国内外的同事、朋友们沟通。第三,有些人不想浪费自己的时间,所以他们往往利用网络来获得自己所需。更有甚者,已经上网成瘾了。

坦率地讲,这种社会现象是一把双刃剑。它对全社会既有积极的又有消极的影响。众所周知,网络为人类提供了许多好处。然而,有些年轻人,把自己绝大多数时间都花在电脑上,最终使得身体受损。另外,这样也不利于培养人们与他人沟通的能力。

总之,我们不能否认,人们应该利用网络,但是必须明智地利用。同时,家长也应该给孩子正确的建议,让他们树立正确的上网观。

原句:Therefore, many are required to excel in computer operation.

分析:这句话中出现了一个动词短语“excel in/at”。考生要注意“excel”当“在某些方面出色”讲的时候,是不及物动词。

原句:Thirdly, some people even don’t want to waste their valuable time so that they turn to Internet to gain what they want.

分析:考生要注意本句话中的动词短语“turn to(求助于),其中“to”是介词,所以其后面要加名词性内容。很多考生忽略了这点。

原句:Nowadays many people, especially, young fellows are tracing such a fashion of life and working style.

活用:This fashion of life and work appeals to many people, especially, young fellows.

原句:Therefore, many are required to excel in computer operation.

活用:Accordingly, it compels many to excel at computer operation.

原句:It is universally accepted that Internet offers many benefits to people.

活用:Internet, inevitably, offers people enormous benefits.

雨佳 本文来源:网易教育频道综合 责任编辑:王晓易_NE0011
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