专业四级词汇语法详细解答:集体名词

2012-04-19 12:35:53 来源: 中国教育在线 举报
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集体名词作主语主谓一致1)通常作复数的集体名词

集体名词,如:police, people,cattle,militia,poultry等,

通常作复数,用复数动词。如:

Domestic cattle provide us with milk, beef and hides.

2)通常作不可数名词的集体名词

有些集体名词,如foliage,machinery,equipment,furniture,merchandise,通常作不可数名词,随后的动词用单数。例如:All the machinery in the factory is made in China.

3)既可作单数也可作复数的集体名词

集体名词,如audience, committee, class, crew, family, public, government等,既可作单数,也可作复数用。

The city council is meeting to set its agenda.

4)a committee,etc.of +复数名词

如果主语是由“a committee of /a panel of /a board of +复数名词”构成,随后的动词通常用单数。

例如:A committee of five men and three women is to consider the matter.

近义词辨析tired, exhausted, fatigued, weary, worn out

这组词均含有“疲惫的”的意思。

tired:可指因体力或脑力消耗太多而需要休息,还可指因长期做某事而失去兴趣。

Henry was so tired that he went to bed immediately after he got home.亨利很疲惫,一到家就上床睡觉去了。

exhausted:表达的疲惫程度最强,指因劳累过度而精疲力竭。

The exhausted engineer fell asleep on the bus.精疲力竭的工程师在公共汽车上睡着了。

fatigued:所表达的疲劳程度比tired和weary强,表示由于过度劳累而引起疲乏,不能再继续下去。

He felt fatigued and didn’t want to say a single word.他疲惫不堪,不想说一句话。

weary:语气比tired强,指由于长时间努力工作或由于做单一的事而引起疲倦。

After a long and weary wait, the plane finally came to take them back.经过漫长而又令人疲乏的等待后,飞机终于来接他们回去了。

worn out:这个词不太正式,多用于口语。

The troops were wornout after winning the battle.战后,部队疲惫不堪。

netease 本文来源:中国教育在线 责任编辑:王晓易_NE0011
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