2014考研英语一真题解析·阅读题

2014-01-04 19:39:26 来源: 文都教育在线
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2014考研英语(一)第四篇阅读主要是关于文学教育所面临的危机,题材属于典型的议论型文章,其中36题属于观点态度题,37-39题属于事实细节题,40题属于主旨大意题。

文都教育:2014考研英语(一)第四篇阅读主要是关于文学教育所面临的危机,题材属于典型的议论型文章,其中36题属于观点态度题,37-39题属于事实细节题,40题属于主旨大意题。

接下来我们重点来分析下36题。

36.According to Paragraph 1, what is the author’s attitude toward the AAAS’sreport?

[A]Critical

[B]Appreciative

[C]Contemptuous

[D]Tolerant

首先通过关键词AAAS定位于第一段,'The Heart of theMatter," the just-released report by the American Academy of Arts andSciences, deserves praise for affirming the importance of the humanities andsocial sciences to the prosperity and security of liberal democracy in America.Regrettably, however, the report's failure to address the true nature of thecrisis facing liberal education may cause more harm than good.

虽然前面出现了paise这样的偏饱义的词汇,如果同学不认真看后面的内容,很有可能会分析错误。这道目要重点定位在转折词however之后的内容,大家重点关注regrettably , failure to address 以及cause more harm这些词汇。不难得出critical这样的正确答案。

 

<原文> 

'The Heart of the Matter," the just-released report by theAmerican Academy of Arts and Sciences, deserves praise for affirming theimportance of the humanities and social sciences to the prosperity and securityof liberal democracy in America. Regrettably, however, the report's failure toaddress the true nature of the crisis facing liberal education may cause moreharm than good.

In 2010, leading congressional Democrats and Republicans sentletters to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences asking that it identifyactions that could be taken by "federal, state and local governments,universities, foundations, educators, individual benefactors and others" to"maintain national excellence in humanities and social scientificscholarship and education."

In response, the American Academy formed the Commission on theHumanities and Social Sciences, with Duke University President Richard Brodheadand retired Exelon CEO John Rowe as co-chairmen. Among the commission's 51members are top-tier-university presidents, scholars, lawyers, judges, andbusiness executives, as well as prominent figures from diplomacy, filmmaking,music and journalism.

The goals identified in the report are generally admirable. Becauserepresentative government presupposes an informed citizenry, the reportsupports full literacy; stresses the study of history and government,particularly American history and American government; and encourages the useof new digital technologies.

To encourage innovation and competition, the report calls forincreased investment in research, the crafting of coherent curricula thatimprove students' ability to solve problems and communicate effectively in the21st century, increased funding for teachers and the encouragement of scholarsto bring their learning to bear on the great challenges of the day. The reportalso advocates greater study of foreign languages, international affairs andthe expansion of study abroad programs.

One of the more novel ideas in the report is the creation of a"Culture Corps" in cities and town across America to "transmithumanistic and social scientific expertise from one generation to thenext."

Unfortunately, despite 2½ years in the making, "The Heart ofthe Matter" never gets to the heart of the matter: the illiberal nature ofliberal education at our leading colleges and universities.

The commission ignores that for several decades America's collegesand universities have produced graduates who don't know the content andcharacter of liberal education and are thus deprived of its benefits. Sadly,the spirit of inquiry once at home on campus has been replaced by the use ofthe humanities and social sciences as vehicles for disseminating"progressive," or left-liberal propaganda.

Today, professors routinely treat the progressive interpretation ofhistory and progressive public policy as the proper subject of study whileportraying conservative or classical liberal ideas—such as free markets,self-reliance and a distrust of central planning—as falling outside theboundaries of routine, and sometimes legitimate, intellectual investigation.

The AAAS displays great enthusiasm forliberal education. Yet its report may well set back reform by obscuring thedepth and breadth of the challenge that congress asked it to illuminate.

36. According to Paragraph 1, what is theauthor’s attitude toward the AAAS’s report?

[A] Critical

[B] Appreciative

[C] Contemptuous

[D] Tolerant

37. Influential figures in the Congressrequired that the AAAS report on how to

[A] retain people’s interest in liberaleducation

[B] define the government’s rolein education

[C] keep a leading position in liberaleducation

[D] safeguard individuals rights toeducation

38. According to Paragraph 3, the reportsuggests

[A] an exclusive study of American history

[B] a greater emphasis on theoreticalsubjects

[C] the application of emergingtechnologies

[D] funding for the study of foreignlanguages

39. The author implies in Paragraph S thatprofessors are

[A] supportive of free markets

[B] cautious about intellectualinvestigation

[C] conservative about public policy

[D] biased against classical liberal ideas

40. Which of the following would be thebest title for the text?

[A] Ways to Grasp “The Heart of the Matter”

[B] Illiberal Education and “The Heart ofthe Matter”

[C] The AAAS’s Contribution to LiberalEducation

[D] Progressive Policy vs. LiberalEducation

刘雷 本文来源:文都教育在线 责任编辑:王晓易_NE0011
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