各个国家给他国的刻板印象:来看看中国的是啥?

2015-01-30 09:48:15 来源: 网易教育频道综合 举报
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几个世纪以来各个国家的刻板印象一直是许多笑话的沃土,即便今天这个差异度和包容度大大提高的国际大环境里,某些国家的国民身上依然带着民族的标签。

一个有英国警察、法国厨子、德国机械师、意大利情人,一切都由瑞士人管理的地方就是天堂。一个有德国警察、英国厨子、法国机械师、瑞士情人,一切都由意大利人管理的地方就是地狱。

这类关于国家刻板印象的笑话每次要么让人发笑,要么让人难堪。几个世纪以来各个国家的刻板印象一直是许多笑话的沃土,即便今天这个差异度和包容度大大提高的国际大环境里,某些国家的国民身上依然带着民族的标签。

多情种子意呆利

意大利人有三宝,披萨面食房事好。其实意大利人还有办事效率差和自由散漫的名声。用这先入为主的概念去套意大利人的性格其实是不对的。如果真像传闻中所说,意大利人整天用来下馆子、嘿咻和黑帮报复,那意大利规模庞大的纺织业、化工品也和工程行业何以为继?

再者,意大利人运营并管理的所有方面从任何方面来说,都是全世界最值得夸耀的国家之一。意大利人有引以为傲的美食文化、孕育过文艺复兴、有精美绝伦的建筑……如果意大利人真的散漫低效率,意大利怎么能取得历史上这么多杰出的成就?

闷包无聊枫叶佬

那些说加拿大人很闷的人,他们可能觉得加拿大的首都是多伦多,席琳·迪昂基本上就是加拿大文化的支柱,他们会觉得加拿大人现在还住在冰屋里呢。

真相是,虽然加拿大是冷了点。但是加拿大可玩的运动项目可太多了——滑板、皮划艇和各种各样刺激惊险的运动。加拿大让你开心的多了去了,都说这里是枫叶国,除了枫叶,加拿大还有很多很多其它元素。好莱坞不少喜剧演员都是加拿大人,金·凯瑞和饰演钱德勒的马修·派瑞可都是加拿大人。

野蛮岛民菲律宾

菲律宾最好的建筑设计学院在哪里?

有人回答:我觉得菲律宾根本没有什么学校,菲律宾只是个贫穷的第三世界国家,国民连自来水都用不上。菲律宾就像非洲,不过有森林罢了。

有很多人对菲律宾有误解,认为这是个未开化的蛮荒之地。遥控技术就是菲律宾人发明的,菲律宾也是世界的手机短信之都和亚洲的博客之都。菲律宾当然也有律师、医生、作家、商人和工程师。对了,也有建筑师。

贫穷狭隘大印度

印度确实有深远的奴隶制历史,因此对印度有这种成见不奇怪。但这么说是不准确的,虽然很大一部分印度人依然生活在贫困线之下,但近些年印度的贫困现状已经大大改善。现在印度是全世界发展最快的经济体之一,很可能成为未来的超级大国。

印度也是世界软件强国,电影出产也是全世界数一数二的。印度还是全球最大的民主国家和多信仰国家。这样一个国家被冠上思想狭隘的帽子真的合适么?

足球流氓不列颠

有人说英国男人喜欢足球胜过自己的妻子。虽然我们很难证明英国男人有多爱自己的妻子,但是他们对足球的热爱正读是毋庸置疑的,但比起英国,瑞典每年发生的足球相关伤人事件更多,与其说英国人都是足球流氓,不如说英国人着迷于经商。伦敦股票市场的规模冠盖全欧,也是全世界规模最大的股票市场之一。

午睡懒汉西班牙

提起西班牙,都知道斗牛和午睡。一个人的勤勉或懒惰可以反映在国家经济表现上。如果这么说,德国人才是欧洲的懒汉。过去几年德国的经济一直不好,每年经济增长仅仅1%略多,另一方面西班牙可是取得了2.8%的年均经济增长。

全国烂醉爱尔兰

许多电影里都把爱尔兰人描绘成脾气臭的烂醉鬼,只要一有空就喜欢去酒吧消遣。很多人一听到酒吧马上想到的就是爱尔兰人。

不过爱尔兰的经济增长是全欧洲最好的7.7%,更不用说爱尔兰国民的优秀教育水平吸引了全世界许多制药公司、高科技公司和金融服务公司。

2004年全球饮酒趋势调查中爱尔兰排名第三,排在卢森堡和匈牙利之后。好吧,确实很高……

开放开明美利坚

外界对美国人的印象都是开明,美国的国家形象总体也很开明。但是美国其实是并不是全世界最开明的社会。

美国人有点太保守。其实欧洲所有国家对性或者其他社交关系方面的问题都比美国更开放更开明。比如说,欧洲许多地区裸体根本不是大问题。欧洲随便哪个海滩上或者酒店游泳池里都能看到裸体人士。如果这事发生在美国,就是大新闻了。

同性恋婚姻在美国大多数州依然不合法。

无所不吃大中华

有人说中国人四条腿的除了桌子不吃,水里游的除了船不吃,天上飞的除了飞机不吃。

可能许多人没有意识到,所有文化都有自己独特的饮食禁忌。有些亚洲地区觉得兔肉恶心,但是西方人却不觉得有什么。中国是个文化差异巨大的国家,我们怎么能说十多亿人吃的都是某一种怪食物呢?中国人是吃狗肉,但那只是一部分,也有不吃的。有人喜欢吃肉,有人奉佛守斋。有人觉得芝士味道恶心,但是上海和北京街头都可以找到卖芝士的商店。要是有人不放心中国人的口味,为什么中餐在全球如此流行?

骄傲自大高卢鸡

俗话说:千万别相信法国人。

法国人可以说是成见最大的受害者,都觉得法国人傲慢,法国人倒不觉得自己傲慢。随便问全世界除了法国以外的任何人,谁是世界上最自负的人,回答里多半有法国人。

有人说法国人不爱对陌生人笑,这只是因为法国有自己独特的文化,在他们的文化里,你用不着表现出不自然的感情。在法国没人必须笑,笑不笑也无关乎礼貌不礼貌。

法国人是全欧洲捐款最慷慨的国家。《经济学人》曾经报道说,法国是全球第三大援助国,仅次于美国和日本。这样的国家怎么能叫自大呢?

原文:

Heaven is where the cooks are French, the police are British, the mechanics are German, the lovers are Italian and everything is organized by the Swiss.

Hell is where the cooks are British, the police are German, the mechanics are French, the lovers are Swiss, and everything is organized by the Italians.

This is an old popular joke that never fails to make those who hear it cringe or laugh. National stereotypes have been the subject of many jokes for centuries. Even today when the international community promotes diversity and encourages tolerance, certain people are still tagged according to their nationalities.

But is there a sliver of truth in these national stereotypes? Or are they just inaccurate preconceived notions, which can be pretty offensive to many people? Whatever your views are, here are ten of the most common national stereotypes and why they are somehow false. Note that these are stereotypes based on nationalities and not race.

Italians are good lovers but bad workers.

The Italians are known for three P’s: pizza, pasta and passionate sex. Who wouldn’t want that kind of reputation as a people? However, it doesn’t end there. Italy is also seen by others as the land of the inefficient and the disorganized. Hmmm.

This preconceived notion is truly unfair to the Italians. If they were such bad workers who could only spend the entire day at a restaurant, make love, or exact revenge Mafia-style, how could they keep their gigantic textile, chemical and engineering industries going?

Aside from that, the Italians run and organize everything in Italy, which, by anyone’s standards, is one of the most glorious nations in the world. Italy takes pride in its great cuisine, fantastic culture and fine architecture. If they were such an inefficient people, how come Italy’s history is littered with splendid achievements?

Canadians are boring.

Those who say that Canadians are boring are probably the same people who think that the Canadian capital is Toronto, that the Canadian culture is based around Celine Dion, and that Canadians live in igloos.

The truth is, the climate is not the only thing that is cooler in this country. Canada offers a wide range of exciting activities such as snowboarding, kayaking and many other sports for the adventurous. You’ll also not run out of reasons to laugh in this more-than-maple country. After all, many comedians in Hollywood are Canadians — Mike Myers, John Candy, Matthew Perry, Eugene Levy and Jim Carrey among others. Their names hardly sound boring, don’t they?

 Filipinos are uneducated island people.

In early 2007, someone asked this question on Yahoo! Answers:

Where is the best Architecture school in the Philippines?

Hmmm. Interesting. But you know what’s more interesting — the one and only answer. Okay, Breathe in… breathe out…

Janjararaaaaan, the answer:

“I don’t think they have any schools in philippines, its a 3rd world country they live in poverty with no running water. its sort of like africa but like a jungle.”

Hey, hey, hey. Whaaaaat?!?!? Good thing the page is now closed.

Many people also hold a misconception that Filipinos are uneducated. Again, what they don’t realize is that the people who answer their calls and tell what to do because they can’t figure out how remote control works are actually Filipinos. The Philippines is the world’s texting capital and Asia’s blogging capital.

And trust me, there are lawyers, doctors, writers, businessmen and engineers here in the Philippines. And oh, architects, too.

 Indians are poor, narrow-minded, conservative people.

India has a long history of slavery; thus, this type of stereotype doesn’t really come as a surprise. Even so, it is still inaccurate. Although a significant fraction of the Indian population is still below poverty line, India has improved drastically in recent years. In fact, it is one of the fastest growing economies in the world, viewed as a potential superpower.

Moreover, it is also one of the countries with leading software industries as well as a prolific film industry. It is also the largest democracy in the world. Not to mention that with a variety of religions — Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism and Christianity among others — all of which survive in tolerance. Is that what anyone could call narrow-minded?

The British are violently mad soccer freaks.

They say that British men love football more than they love their wives. Although their affection towards their partners may be very hard to prove, their supposedly extreme zeal for soccer doesn’t need to be measured. The Brits love soccer. It is damn obvious. What should be debunked is the idea that they would always get into trouble for this almost romantic love for the ball.

If the Brits are violently crazy over their favorite soccer team, how come, according to The Economist,  it is Sweden where there are more soccer-related assaults each year? If there’s one reputation that the Brits should earn, it’s that they are a business-crazy people. After all, the London Stock Market is bigger than any other European market and is one of the world’s largest.

 Spaniards are lazy.

Siesta is a well-known part of the Spanish culture. But is it enough to conclude that the entire Spanish people’s deadly sin is sloth? If indolence could be measured, wouldn’t it be by looking at the output or product?

In other words, a people’s assiduity and laziness should reflect on the country’s economic performance. But if that’s the case, then it is Germany, and not Spain, that could be dubbed as the lazy man of Europe. Germany has been showing disgraceful economic performance in the past few years. Germany’s GDP growth is only a little over 1%. Spain, on the other hand, is growing at a rate twice higher, with an average annual growth rate of 2.8%. (Figures not updated, sorry.)

 The Irish are drunkards.

In many movies, we have seen the Irish being portrayed as those ill-tempered drunkards who love to have some cheerful bantering in their spare time, which is every time. In fact, many of us think of Ireland when we hear the word “pub.”

However, if they were so addicted to alcohol like pop culture shows, how come Ireland is the best performing economy in Europe with a fast-paced 7.7% growth rate? Not to mention that its highly educated population attracts massive numbers of pharmaceutical, hi-tech and financial services companies, despite fierce competition for jobs within the EU.

And how come Ireland ranks only third in a 2004 survey by World Drink Trends, behind Luxembourg and Hungary? Okay, I know it’s still high, but…

 Americans are very liberal.

Outsiders usually have a very defined vision about the Americans — liberal. In general, many see the United States as the land of the open-minded. But is America really home to the world’s most socially liberal society in the world? The answer is a big “no.”

Americans are a little too conservative. Virtually every country in Europe has a much more open and liberal view of things such as sex and other social relations. For example, in many parts of Europe, nudity is not taboo. You may find naked people at some random European beach or hotel pool. If someone takes off all his clothes in the US, he’ll be making a big scene.

Surprisingly, gay marriage is illegal in America and allowed in some provinces of Canada, a nation that some  see as boring.

The Chinese eat anything that moves.

They say that the Chinese can eat anything with four legs, except tables; anything on water, except boats; and anything that flies, except airplanes. Although Bruce Lee’s lot actually have a diverse range of foods to choose from, saying that the Chinese eats anything is a downright hasty generalization.

What many fail to realize is that every culture has its own food taboos. Some Asians find eating rabbits gross but it’s normal to Westerners. Moreover, for a culture as diverse as the Chinese, it can be very hard to group over 1 billion people and say that they ALL eat a certain “exotic” food. While some Chinese eat dogs, some don’t. Some like eating meat; some are Buddhist vegetarians. Some find cheese distasteful, but you’ll find cheese shops in some streets of Beijing and Shanghai. Besides, if people really don’t trust the taste of the Chinese people, how come Chinese food is so popular all around the world?

The French are arrogant.

“Never trust the French,” they say. When it comes to national stereotypes, the French suffer the most. Only the French think that they are not arrogant. Outside France, ask any random guy who the chestiest people are and they are likely to include the French with a passion.

However, do they really think highly of themselves to the point that they get the ire of foreign nationals? One argument that is often mentioned is that an average Frenchman do not smile at strangers. The truth is, it doesn’t mean that they are rude. It’s just not part of their culture. Unlike others who wear a smile all day, the French do not show emotions that they do not feel. No one is required to smile in France and it has nothing to do with being polite or rude.

Moreover, if the French are so drowned in their mightiness, how come they are humble enough to donate to countries in need more than any other European nation? According to “The Economist,” France is the third largest aid donor in the world, after the US and Japan. That is hardly what anyone would call “arrogant.”

相关图集>>全球最可怕的20个国家

崔晓玲 本文来源:网易教育频道综合 责任编辑:王晓易_NE0011
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