2017年6月四级阅读解析

2017-06-18 09:13:23 来源: 网易教育频道专稿 举报
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2017年6月四级阅读解析

武汉新东方国内部教研组

今年四级考试在阅读这个版块里,总体难度仍然呈较为平稳的发展态势。无论是选词填空、长篇阅读还是仔细阅读,与我们之前在四级课堂上讲到的解题技巧都有很高的契合度。首先一起来谈谈选词填空这个题型。总的来说,考点仍然是我们在课堂上反复跟大家强调的,除了34题难度略有拔高,其他题目用我们上课讲到的快速解题法则很快能得到正确答案。首先第一步分析选项词性。今年名词考2个,动词考7个,形容词考4个,副词考2个。如此一来,我们很快把15选1缩小到了最多是7选1,最少的情况是2选1。另外,请注意,名词通过单复数,动词通过时态和非谓语动词还可以进一步缩小范围。再来谈谈仔细阅读部分。我们在课堂上跟大家反复强调过,四级仔细阅读的核心在于四个字“精准定位”,今年所涉及到的考点全部是我们之前课程中所涵盖到的。就本套试卷而言,仔细阅读的第二篇较第一篇而言,难度略有提高,其中54题和55题体现尤为明显,考查到了以往考查较少的例证题,并且题干中出现了一些自带陷阱的形容词和副词,这些考点我们在课堂上也提示过大家,需要引起高度重视。总而言之,只要大家在考试过程中熟练地运用了之前课堂上学到的解题方法,取得好成绩也是顺理成章的。 现在我们就本套试卷简单地给大家做一个解析。

Part            Reading Comprehension         (40 minutes)

Section A

Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

The method for making beer has changed over time. Hops (啤酒花), for example, which give many a modern beer its bitter flavor, are a ? 26  recent addition to the beverage. This was mentioned in reference to brewing in the ninth century. Now, researchers have found a ??? 27  ingredient in residue (残留物) from 5000-year-old beer brewing equipment. While excavating two pits at a site in the central plains of China, scientists discovered fragments from pots and ve__ . The different shapes of the containers  28  they were used to brew, filter, and store beer. They ??may be ancient “beer-making tools,” and the earliest  29  evidence of beer brewing in China, the researchers reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. To  30  that hypothesis, the team examined the yellowish, dried  31  inside the vessels. The majority of the grains, about 80%, were from cereal crops like barley (大麦), and about 10% were bits of roots,  32  lily, would have made the beer sweeter, the scientists say. Barley was an unexpected find: the crop was domesticated in Western Eurasia and didn’t become a  33  food in central China until about 2000 years ago, according to the researchers. Based on that timing, they indicate barley may have  34  in the region not as food, but as  35  material for beer brewing.

A)      arrived                                        I) relatively  

B)      consuming                                     J) remains

C)      direct                                         K) resources

D)      exclusively                                     L) staple

E)       including                                      M) surprising

F)       inform                                         N) suggest

G)      raw                                           O) test

H)      reached

 

26. 答案I (relatively)

解析:本题套用我们之前讲到的公式法,空前不定冠词,空后形容词加名词,空格填副词,DI二选一,再加上不定冠词a可以排除 D, I选项正确。

27. 答案N (surprising)

解析:本题套用我们之前讲到的公式法,空前不定冠词,空后名词,空格填形容词,根据语义N选项正确。

28. 答案M (suggest)

解析:本题套用我们之前讲到的成分分析法,本句缺谓语动词,空格填谓语动词,注意非谓语动词不选。所以选择范围缩小到FMO,三选一,根据语义M选项正确。

29. 答案C (direct)

解析:本题套用我们之前讲到的公式法,空前形容词,空后名词,空格填形容词,CGLN四选一,排除已经选过的N,范围最终缩小为三选一,根据语义C选项正确。

30. 答案O (test)

解析:本题考查不定式,空格显然填动词原形,除去已经选过的M,剩下FO二选一,根据语义O选项正确。

31. 答案J (remains)

解析:本题套用我们之前讲到的公式法,空前形容词,空后无名词,空格填名词,KJ二选一,根据语义J选项正确。

32. 答案E (including)

解析:本题套用我们之前讲到的公式法,完整句子缺修饰语,且空格后有名词,属于我们课堂上讲到的考查非谓语动词作状语的情况,填现在分词。BE二选一,根据语义E选项正确。

33. 答案L (staple)

解析:本题套用我们之前讲到的公式法,空前不定冠词,空后名词,空格填形容词,除去已经选过的C选项,GLN三选一,根据语义L选项正确。

34. 答案A (arrived)

解析:本题属于本篇选词填空难度最高的一题,考查特殊句型倒装句,have后接ed动词,AH二选一,根据语义A选项正确。

35. 答案G (raw)

解析:本题套用我们在课堂上讲到的CP法则和并列法则,通过but并列连词得知as food和as material并列,所以空格需要填一个修饰material的形容词即可,再根据CP法则,马上选出G (raw),raw material是固定表达,原材料。

Section C

Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the center.

Passage One

Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage.

Shoppers in the UK are spending less money on toilet paper to save money, research has shown.

Penny-pinching UK consumers choose cheaper products from discounters such as Aldi and Lidl rather than luxury alternatives.

This has wiped 6% off the value of the soft tissue paper market in the UK. It has shrunk from£1.19 billion in 2011 to£1.12 billion in 2015, according to a new report from market research company Mintel. Furthermore, the future of the market looks far from rosy, with sales expected to fall further to £1.11 billion in 2016.

In the last year alone, despite an increase in the UK population and a subsequent rise in the number of households, sales of toilet paper fell by 2%, with the average household reducing their toilet roll spending from £43 in 2014 to £41 in 2015.

Overall, almost three in five people say they try to limit their usage of paper-including facial tissue and kitchen roll-to save money. “Strength, softness and thickness remain the leading indicators of toilet paper quality, with just a small proportion of consumers preferring more luxurious alternatives, such as those with flower patterns or perfume,” said Mintel analyst Jack Duckett. “These extra features are deemed unnecessary by the majority of shoppers, which probably reflects how these types of products are typically more expensive than regular toilet paper, even when on special offer.”

While consumers are spending less on toilet paper, they remain fussy-in theory at least-when it comes to paper quality. Top of Britons’ toilet paper wish list is softness (57%) followed by strength (45%) and thickness (36%).

One in 10 buyers rank toilet rolls made from recycled paper among their top considerations, highlighting how overall the environment is much less of a consideration for shoppers than product quality. In a challenge for manufacturers, 81% of paper product users said they would consider buying recycled toilet tissue if it were comparable in quality to standard paper.

46. The market sales of toilet paper have decreased because .

A) Britons have cut their spending on it

B) its prices have gone up over the years

C) its quality has seen marked improvement

D) Britons have developed the habit of saving

2017年6月四级阅读解析

2017年6月四级阅读解析


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