Reading Comprehension (40
Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten
blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of
choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through
carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by
a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line
through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than
method for making beer has changed over time. Hops (啤酒花), for example, which give many a modern beer its bitter flavor, are a ?
26 recent addition to the beverage.
This was mentioned in reference to brewing in the ninth century. Now,
researchers have found a ??? 27 ingredient in residue (残留物) from 5000-year-old beer brewing equipment. While excavating two pits at a
site in the central plains of China, scientists discovered fragments from pots
and ve__ . The different shapes of the containers 28 they
were used to brew, filter, and store beer. They ??may be ancient “beer-making
tools,” and the earliest 29 evidence of beer brewing in China, the
researchers reported in the Proceedings of the National Academy of
Sciences. To 30 that hypothesis, the team examined the
yellowish, dried 31 inside the vessels. The majority of the
grains, about 80%, were from cereal crops like barley (大麦), and about 10% were bits of roots,
32 lily, would have made the
beer sweeter, the scientists say. Barley was an unexpected find: the crop was
domesticated in Western Eurasia and didn’t become a 33 food
in central China until about 2000 years ago, according to the researchers.
Based on that timing, they indicate barley may have 34 in
the region not as food, but as
35 material for beer brewing.
26. 答案I (relatively)
解析：本题套用我们之前讲到的公式法，空前不定冠词，空后形容词加名词，空格填副词，DI二选一，再加上不定冠词a可以排除 D, I选项正确。
27. 答案N (surprising)
28. 答案M (suggest)
29. 答案C (direct)
30. 答案O (test)
31. 答案J (remains)
32. 答案E (including)
33. 答案L (staple)
34. 答案A (arrived)
35. 答案G (raw)
解析：本题套用我们在课堂上讲到的CP法则和并列法则，通过but并列连词得知as food和as material并列，所以空格需要填一个修饰material的形容词即可，再根据CP法则，马上选出G (raw)，raw material是固定表达，原材料。
Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some
questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices
marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the
corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2
with a single line through the center.
46 to 50 are based on the following passage.
in the UK are spending less money on toilet paper to save money, research has
UK consumers choose cheaper products from discounters such as Aldi and Lidl
rather than luxury alternatives.
has wiped 6% off the value of the soft tissue paper market in the UK. It has
shrunk from￡1.19 billion in 2011 to￡1.12 billion in 2015, according to a new report
from market research company Mintel. Furthermore, the future of the market
looks far from rosy, with sales expected to fall further to ￡1.11 billion in 2016.
last year alone, despite an increase in the UK population and a subsequent rise
in the number of households, sales of toilet paper fell by 2%, with the average
household reducing their toilet roll spending from ￡43 in 2014 to ￡41 in 2015.
almost three in five people say they try to limit their usage of
paper-including facial tissue and kitchen roll-to save money. “Strength,
softness and thickness remain the leading indicators of toilet paper quality,
with just a small proportion of consumers preferring more luxurious
alternatives, such as those with flower patterns or perfume,” said Mintel
analyst Jack Duckett. “These extra features are deemed unnecessary by the
majority of shoppers, which probably reflects how these types of products are
typically more expensive than regular toilet paper, even when on special
consumers are spending less on toilet paper, they remain fussy-in theory at
least-when it comes to paper quality. Top of Britons’ toilet paper wish list is
softness (57%) followed by strength (45%) and thickness (36%).
10 buyers rank toilet rolls made from recycled paper among their top
considerations, highlighting how overall the environment is much less of a
consideration for shoppers than product quality. In a challenge for
manufacturers, 81% of paper product users said they would consider buying
recycled toilet tissue if it were comparable in quality to standard paper.
46. The market sales of toilet paper have decreased
Britons have cut their spending on it
prices have gone up over the years
quality has seen marked improvement
Britons have developed the habit of saving