The knocker upper used to come down the street with their long poles. They wouldn't hang around either, just three or four taps and then he'd be off.
Mary Anne Smith, became a beloved presence—along with her trusty pea shooter—around London’s East End in the 1930s. John Topham remembers “every morning but Sunday she would rise at three to ‘knock up’ local workers—using a pea shooter. She charged six pence a week.
Mary Anne Smith是一个令人喜爱的存在，她经常在20世纪30年代带着自己令人信赖的射豆枪一起出现在伦敦东部。John Topham记得“除了星期日的每天早上，她都三点早早起来用自己的射豆枪叫醒那些当地的工人。她每周收取6便士。”
It waned as alarm clocks and electricity became more widespread and affordable. Sure, beeping alarm clocks and smartphones that play morning music are simpler and more convenient. But they can’t match being awoken by the soft, distinctive tap of Mary Smith’s pea shooter.
In a decade or so, paying for connection may seem as ordinary as paying for therapy. The companionship market will make us uncomfortable, but it will persist. The need for social connection is too primal: if it’s the market that’s offering us the chance to walk and talk with someone who seems like a friend, we’ll be heading towards it, not turning away.
The Japanese rail network is known throughout the world for its superiority and punctuality. In the capital city Tokyo, nearly 40 million passengers ride the rail every day, heavily outweighing other modes of transport like buses and private cars. Of these, 8.7 million take the subway.