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2004年1月英语四级阅读试题详解
2005年06月16日10:29:00 网易教育 宫东风

  2004年1月大学英语四级阅读试题详解

  Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)

  Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

  Passage One
  Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:

  I'm usually fairly skeptical about any research that concludes that people are either happier or unhappier or more or less certain of themselves than they were 50 years ago. While any of these statements might be true, they are practically impossible to prove scientifically. Still, I was struck by a report which concluded that today's children are significantly more anxious than children in the 1950s. In fact, the analysis showed, normal children ages 9 to 17 exhibit a higher level of anxiety today than children who were treated for mental illness 50 years ago.
  Why are America's kids so stressed? The report cites two main causes: increasing physical isolation-brought on by high divorce rates and less involvement in community, among other things-and a growing perception that the world is a more dangerous place.
  Given that we can't turn the clock back, adults can still do plenty to help the next generation cope.
  At the top of the list is nurturing (培育) a better appreciation of the limits of individualism. No child is an island. Strengthening social ties helps build communities and protect individuals against stress.
  To help kids build stronger connections with others, you can pull the plug on TVs and computers. Your family will thank you later. They will have more time for face-to-face relationships, and they will get more sleep.
  Limit the amount of virtual (虚拟的) violence your children are exposed to. It's not just video games and movies; children see a lot of murder and crime on the local news.
  Keep your expectations for your children reasonable. Many highly successful people never attended Harvard or Yale.
  Make exercise part of your daily routine. It will help you cope with your own anxieties and provide a good model for your kids. Sometimes anxiety is unavoidable. But it doesn't have to ruin your life.

  21. The author thinks that the conclusions of any research about people's state of mind are _____.
  A) surprising
  B) confusing
  C) illogical
  D) questionable

  22. What does the author mean when he says, "we can't turn the clock back" (Line 1, Para. 3)?
  A) It's impossible to slow down the pace of change.
  B) The social reality children are facing cannot be changed.
  C) Lessons learned from the past should not be forgotten.
  D) It's impossible to forget the past.

  23. According to an analysis, compared with normal children today, children treated as mentally ill 50 years ago _____.
  A) were less isolated physically
  B) were probably less self-centered
  C) probably suffered less from anxiety
  D) were considered less individualistic

  24. The first and most important thing parents should do to help their children is _____.
  A) to provide them with a safer environment
  B) to lower their expectations for them
  C) to get them more involved socially
  D) to set a good model for them to follow

  25. What conclusion can be drawn from the passage?
  A) Anxiety, though unavoidable, can be coped with.
  B) Children's anxiety has been enormously exaggerated.
  C) Children's anxiety can be eliminated with more parental care.
  D) Anxiety, if properly controlled, may help children become mature.

  Passage 1

  21. D 本题题干中的 "the conclusions of any research"将本题答案信息来源圈定在全文第一段的第一句。由于本题问的是 "the author thinks…",故正确答案应该是原文 "I'm usually fairly skeptical…"的转化物,即选项D。 "skeptical"等于 "questionable"。

  22. B 本题实际上考问 "we can't turn the clock back"(改变、扭转)的真实含义。许多考生考前没有复习到 "turn the clock back"这一短语。但是,考生应该懂得:解答此类题型时,千万不要从文字表面产生答案,而应根据上下文的大环境来推断。本文第二段解释了美国儿童压力过大的若干原因。第三段首句是 "we can't turn the clock back"。根据承上启下的原则,其含义是:我们无法改变造成孩子压力过大的原因,故选项B是正确答案。

  23. C 本题题干中的阿拉伯数字"50"将本题的答案信息圈定在第一段尾句。该句强调的是:目前9-17岁的正常儿童表现出来更多的 "anxiety"。故选项C是正确答案,50年前的孩子所面对的 "anxiety"少一些。

  24. C 本题题干中的 "parents"就是第三段第一句主句的主语 "adults"。题干中的另一组关键词 "the first and most important thing"就是原文第四段第一句中的 "At the top of the list"。第四段第一句的含义是:首先应该让孩子们认识到个人主义的局限性。其引申含义是:让孩子们首先认识到与别人合作和交流的重要性。故选项C是正确答案。

  25. A 本题题干中的 "conclusion"一词将本题的答案信息圈定在全文的尾段。从尾段单词的复现率来判断,尾段主要讨论 "anxiety"。尾段主要指出:"anxiety"有时无法避免,但却有应对的手段。故选项A是正确答案。


本文相关内容:外语考试』 『英语四级

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