网易首页 > 教育频道 > 外语 > 正文

英国人追完美体形 幼童也节食

0
分享至
自2008年以来,英国人做整容手术的比例上升了近20%,14岁的孩子当中有一半的女孩和三分之一的男孩都试图通过节食改变体形。

来源:英语点津

英国人追完美体形 幼童也节食

由英国议会议员和基督教青年总会联合发布的一份调查报告显示,一半以上的英国人正因为体形不好而遭受精神和身体双重煎熬,连5岁的小姑娘也时刻在担心自己的体重,人们对体形的重视程度超过了对健康的关注。这分报告指出,由于受到媒体、广告以及名人效应等不当影响,人们对体形和外貌的追求也日益趋向完美。自2008年以来,英国人做整容手术的比例上升了近20%,14岁的孩子当中有一半的女孩和三分之一的男孩都试图通过节食改变体形。这份报告建议对健康专家常用的“身体质量指数(BMI)”进行重新评估,同时呼吁广告商重视广告内容的真实性和多样性,不要一味使用数字合成的照片和过于瘦弱的模特。

Girls as young as five now routinely worry about their weight and appearance while more than half the entire UK population is grappling with mental and physical problems relating to negative body image, according to a parliamentary report published on Wednesday.

The pressure to achieve an unrealistic "body ideal" is now an underlying cause of serious health and relationship problems, according to a study from the all-party parliamentary group on body image. This pressure is "damaging society" by wreaking havoc with self-esteem and affecting progress at school and work.

The issue is no longer determined by gender, with body image now a major concern for boys and men as well as girls and women, the report concludes. Half of girls and a third of boys aged 14 have been on a diet to change their body shape, the document said, with youngsters exhibiting their parents' own anxieties.

The 80-page report was drawn up by MPs and Central YMCA, the world's biggest young people's charity, after a three-month public inquiry during which hundreds of witnesses made submissions.

It concludes that a toxic combination of the media, advertising and celebrity culture account for almost three-quarters of the influence on body image in society, yet the "body ideal" typically presented was estimated to be not physically achievable by nearly 95% of the population.

Among its recommendations being put to government, regulators, voluntary organisations and the private sector, are for the "inaccurate" and discredited body mass index – the standard measure used by physicians and health experts to determine weight status (underweight, overweight or within a healthy range) – to be reviewed with a view to being replaced.

The report also calls for better support for new mothers and school pupils, and a vow from advertisers to reflect "consumer desire for authenticity and diversity" rather than to use digitally-enhanced images and thin models.

Cosmetic surgery rates have risen by nearly 20% since 2008, "fuelled by advertising and irresponsible marketing ploys", the group said. It called for tougher regulation of cosmetic surgery advertising, including a stand-alone code along the lines of the one in place for alcohol. It also advocates an independent patient group which would give impartial information, advice and support on body enhancements, including cosmetic surgery, skin whitening, supplements and steroids.

Central YMCA will use the report's recommendations in a national campaign, to be launched in the autumn in partnership with several other organisations. It wants a kitemark to be awarded to socially responsible businesses taking action to tackle negative body image.

Liberal Democrat MP Jo Swinson, chair of the group, said: "Body image dissatisfaction in the UK has reached an all-time high and the pressure to conform to an unattainable body ideal is wreaking havoc on the self esteem of many people."

Rosi Prescott of Central YMCA said: "It's clear there's something seriously wrong in society when children as a young as five are worrying about their appearance, based on the messages they are seeing all around them.

"The findings of the report are shocking – body image has become more important in our culture than health and children are mimicking their parents' concerns about appearance.

"We all have a responsibility to act now to bring about the attitudinal and behavioural change that's necessary to prevent damage to future generations and that is why we are urging the public to give us their views to help shape the campaign we will be launching this autumn."

The report warns of weight problems spiralling out of control as "people who are overweight or obese were seen to be stigmatised and this was associated with a decreased likelihood of engaging in healthy behaviour such as exercise".

The inquiry was mired in controversy early on when women who claimed to have been failed by weight loss programmes sold by diet companies staged a protest outside the House of Commons to accuse the industry of "wreaking havoc with appetites and lives while it builds huge profits". It was organised by lobby group Endangered Bodies, which wants all body shapes to be considered acceptable.

On Tuesday night the British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons (BAAPS) said it backed the recommendation that a separate code be drawn up governing cosmetic surgery advertising. It has called for an outright ban on such ads in public places including billboards and public transport. The BAAPS also announced it is funding long-term research into psychological assessment of patients.

相关推荐
热点推荐

被老婆骂性无能,为证明自已能行,强行奸淫路边等车村妇

身边的刑法故事
2021-01-20 21:12:32

持有体验感最好的十只基金

专属定制财经日报
2021-01-21 00:32:40

电脑屏幕不再反人类设计 大量笔记本回归16:10设计

中关村在线
2021-01-20 15:52:05

特朗普离任前最后一刻赦免73人:包括前首席战略师班农 不包括自己和家人

新京报
2021-01-20 15:22:52

陕西90岁老奶奶,生前拒绝上户口,临死前交出一张照片揭露身份

世界你好
2021-01-21 03:52:40

权力交接最后时刻!拜登激动落泪,我的儿子才应该是总统!2.5万国民军进驻DC,FBI严查"内鬼",已清除12人!

华人生活网
2021-01-20 09:54:44

一滴酒也别喝!世界权威医学期刊已证实:没有任何健康好处

中外医讯
2021-01-19 10:19:50

官员打骂下属会怎么处理?有官员被行拘撤职降级,高官多落马后被曝光

记录之路
2021-01-20 19:28:27

希拉里和佩洛西呼吁调查普京“命令特朗普发起占领国会”,俄媒:她们精神错乱!

环球网资讯
2021-01-19 17:34:17

张子萱终于大胆了一次,镜头前甜喊陈赫“老公”,戏称:全家都是鹿晗

扒叔八卦
2021-01-20 09:05:30

清朝官员真实样子:图八是收复新疆的左宗棠,图十是大贪官和珅

一把手
2021-01-20 21:14:16

进球功臣!C罗当选意超杯全场MVP

直播吧
2021-01-21 07:15:09

1传81!吉林疫情再现王炸,多人感染都因这个坏习惯,千万不要再犯了

医路向前巍子
2021-01-18 09:45:57

愚蠢的白左,扰乱了这个世界

墨子门下走狗
2021-01-21 03:28:39

最美奥迪车落户上汽,降30万,档次远超A6L,宝马和奔驰亚历山大

热血汽车资讯
2021-01-20 09:54:58

“知情人”爆料、张恒洗白、豆瓣崩了,怪不得郑爽狂接综艺不进组

旅行小事一箩筐
2021-01-19 02:32:42

胡杏儿孕后机场首秀,外套太小7月孕肚圆滚滚,穿毛裤腿型太精致

里尚七七
2021-01-20 22:42:48

32岁男子糖尿病离世,妻子哭晕,医生:愚蠢,这东西怎么能天天喝

今年春天
2021-01-20 11:11:16

网曝影后章子怡穿假货?脚上4500元运动鞋被误认成高仿好尴尬

猫眼娱乐官方号
2021-01-20 20:18:10

打破北京大兴200天零新增的是谁?

健康时报
2021-01-20 11:32:48
2021-01-21 08:13:02

头条要闻

多图!特朗普离开白宫 乘"空军一号"回佛州海湖庄园

头条要闻

特朗普在白宫的最后一天:自夸、甩锅、赦免"老功臣"

体育要闻

征战CBA11载造传奇!哈德森的历史之夜

娱乐要闻

章子怡与梁朝伟同框对视 掀起回忆杀

财经要闻

科技要闻

宁德时代合资工厂爆炸!玻璃被震碎,官方回应

汽车要闻

入门级/会国产/续航超500km 奔驰EQA首发

态度原创

游戏
本地
艺术
房产
健康

《罪恶帝国》四位首领与城市情报公布

本地新闻

有的人头顶没多少毛,却在菊花疯狂长毛

艺术要闻

每16万人拥有一座博物馆

房产要闻

“红线”划定后房贷市场变化:利率环比下降,银行业务隐藏几个变数?

为什么阴道炎总是反反复复?

×