1. As is shown by the graph,… (概述图表)
in the table.
As is shown by the graph,there has been a rapid increase in the population of the country in the past five years.
2. It can be seen from the table that … (得出结论)
From the statistics given in the table it can be seen that the average personal income of the Chinese people increased (grew 、rose) rapidly from 1985 to 1990.
It can be concluded from the graph that there has been a great decline in birth rates in China in the past five years.
3. … amount to … (数量总计)
add up to
sum up to
All the expenses (costs) amount to (= add up to) $ 200.
4. … increase from … to … (数量增减)
The number of colour TV sets produced by the factory increased (rose , grew , climbed) from 5000 in 1986 to 21000 in 1990.
The number of paticipants grew up to 300000 persons = increased , reaching 300000 persons).
The number of teaching staff members in this school has decreased to 700 persons.
5.(be)three times as + 形容词 + as 总产量 total output 钢的年产量 the annual output of
上升17% rise by 17per cent steel
日产量 the daily output 导致产量下降 result in a
The grain production (= output)in our area now is three times as great as that of 1970.
6.Compared with … , …
与去年相比，今年13项主要产品的产量都有大幅度增长。The factory has an output of 9 million cigarettes daily.
Compared with that of last year,the output of 13 main products (= items) this year has increased to a great extent.
7.There is (was) a rapid rise in … be on the rise
has been sharp increase on the increase
sudden decrease on the decline
The cotton output in this area has increased rapidly in the past few years.
1. In my opinion, … 2. Personally, I … 3. In short (= In brief), …
4. In conclusion, … 5.As far as I’m concerned, … 6. To conclude , it seems clear that …
As far as I’m concerned ,I’m in favour of the former view.Therefore,my conclusion is that we are certain to succeed as long as we stick to what is right and correct what is wrong.