网易首页 > 教育频道 > 正文

双语:才20多岁就感觉大脑越来越迟钝 怎么办?

0
分享至

If you believe that great scientists are most creative when they're young, you are missing part of the story.

你要是认为伟大的科学家年轻时最具有创造力,那么你可能只说对了一部分。

A new study of winners of the Nobel Prize in economics finds that there are two different life cycles of creativity, one that hits some people early in their career and another that more often strikes later in life.

一项关于历届诺贝尔经济学奖得主的新研究发现,人们有两段不同的创作生命周期:一段出现在职业发展早期,而另一段往往出现在生命的后期。

In this study, the early peak was found for laureates in their mid-20s and the later peak for those in their mid-50s.

这项研究发现,获奖者的年龄分布存在两个高峰值,即25岁左右和55岁左右。

The research supports previous work by the authors that found similar patterns in the arts and other sciences.

此前在艺术和其它科学领域的研究结果,与此次研究结论相似。

"We believe what we found in this study isn't limited to economics, but could apply to creativity more generally," said Bruce Weinberg, lead author of the study and professor of economics at The Ohio State University.

“我们认为,研究成果不仅仅局限于经济学领域,还可以适用于普遍的创新活动,”该研究的主要作者,俄亥俄州立大学经济学教授布鲁斯·温伯格说。

"Many people believe that creativity is exclusively associated with youth, but it really depends on what kind of creativity you're talking about."

“很多人以为,创造力只与年轻人有关。实际上,这取决于何种创造力。”

Weinberg did the study with David Galenson, professor of economics at the University of Chicago. In the study, the Nobel Prize winners who did their most groundbreaking work early in their career tended to be "conceptual" innovators.

温伯格与芝加哥大学经济学教授戴维·加伦森合作完成了这项研究。在职业生涯早期阶段实现领域突破的诺贝尔奖得主往往是“概念式”创新者。

These type of innovators "think outside the box," challenging conventional wisdom and tend to come up with new ideas suddenly. Conceptual innovators tend to peak early in their careers, before they become immersed in the already accepted theories of the field, Weinberg said.

这一类型的创新者往往不拘一格,灵光乍现。温伯格说,在职业生涯早期实现巅峰的概念式创新者通常会在完全接受现有理论之前,挑战传统智慧。

But there is another kind of creativity, he said, which is found among "experimental" innovators.

但是温伯格认为,还有另一种创新路径,适用于“经验式”创新者。

These innovators accumulate knowledge through their careers and find groundbreaking ways to analyze, interpret and synthesize that information into new ways of understanding.

这类创新者会不断在自己的职业生涯中积累知识,综合过往信息找到全新的角度分析、解释问题。

The long periods of trial and error required for important experimental innovations make them tend to occur late in a Nobel laureate's career.

重要的实验创新突破往往需要长期反复试错。这一类创新往往出现在诺贝尔奖得主职业生涯的后期。

"Whether you hit your creative peak early or late in your career depends on whether you have a conceptual or experimental approach," Weinberg said.

“你在职业生涯中达到创造力巅峰的早晚取决于你习惯于哪一种研究路径,概念式还是经验式,”温伯格称。

The researchers took a novel, empirical approach to the study, which involved 31 laureates. They arranged the laureates on a list from the most experimental to most conceptual.

研究人员采用了一种新颖的经验性研究方法。他们将31位诺贝尔奖得主按照从最“经验式”到最“概念式”的规则进行排序。

This ranking was based on specific, objective characteristics of the laureates' single most important work that are indicative of a conceptual or experimental approach.

该排序是基于获奖者的代表作(仅限一个)的具体客观特征,表明了其概念式或经验式研究路径。

For example, conceptual economists tend to use assumptions, proofs and equations and have a mathematical appendix or introduction to their papers.

例如,概念式经济学家往往倾向于在论文中使用假设、证明和方程,并附有数学附录或介绍。

Experimental economists rely on direct inference from facts, so their papers tended to have more references to specific items, such as places, time periods and industries or commodities.

经验式经济学家则依赖于事实的直接推论,因此他们的论文往往更多提及特定项目,例如地点、时间、行业或商品。

After classifying the laureates, the researchers determined the age at which each laureate made his most important contribution to economics and could be considered at his creative peak.

在对诺贝尔奖得主进行分类后,研究人员确定了每位获奖者对经济学做出最卓越贡献的年龄。这一时期可被认为是他的创造巅峰。

Weinberg and Galenson used two different methods to calculate at which age the laureates were cited most often and thus were at the height of their creativity.

温伯格和加伦森使用两种方法计算获奖者文献最多被引用的年龄,即他们的创造力巅峰期。

The two methods found that conceptual laureates peaked at about either 29 or 25 years of age. Experimental laureates peaked when they were roughly twice as old — at about 57 in one method or the mid-50s in the other.

两种方法得出的结果是:概念式诺贝尔奖得主在29岁或25岁左右达到创造力巅峰,而经验式获奖者在年龄是两倍左右的时期达到创造力巅峰(57岁或55岁左右)。

——才20多岁就感觉自己已经大脑迟钝、灵感枯竭了,怎么办?

——别慌,说不定你的创作巅峰期在57岁。

相关推荐
热点推荐

科兴疫苗保护力跌至50.38%,这个数据意味着什么?

健康界
2021-01-17 11:41:35

发生在欧洲和尼日利亚之间贩卖妇女的真实故事,黑暗藏在现实的对立面

新欧洲
2021-01-17 22:50:36

买房“一次性付清”,和“还贷20年”区别有多大?幸亏早知道!

心竣讲笑话
2021-01-18 06:02:44

靠“山寨”致富的产业,毛利400%,月赚千万?专业人士揭赚钱内幕

生活续航员
2021-01-18 09:28:59

辽宁这座“有钱”的地级市,被“中央”所看中,未来潜力巨大

邵叔娱乐社
2021-01-13 04:33:47

快把传统避孕套扔了吧,新型避孕方式方便还持久,不妨试一试

科技指北针
2021-01-16 05:16:02

王浩信、陈自瑶已分居?港媒:为了孩子没离婚,租住不同楼层

小郭娱乐社
2021-01-17 21:23:50

男明星与员工恋爱疑曝光,女方多次暗秀恩爱,男方身份太明显?

猫眼娱乐官方号
2021-01-17 21:05:17

各地“不返乡”标语火了,硬核标语请“嘴下留情”!

松科说娱乐
2021-01-18 04:53:14

旅客绝迹香港!有药房6年三搬铺,生意大跌九成九的老板:好难熬

专属定制财经日报
2021-01-17 18:47:42

突发!传:再封杀华为!美国暂停 Intel 向华为供货、撤销8份供货许可!150份申请大部分被拒绝!

半导体圈
2021-01-18 11:55:37

向慧刺死高院法官案,可能存在一个不容回避的细节…

景来律师
2021-01-17 09:16:21

董子健:“京圈太子”的上位史,太狠了

我是愈姑娘
2021-01-14 20:41:37

被当成水瓢使用了10多年的文物,因22字铭文,成为无价之宝

侃大叔通史
2021-01-18 07:30:02

湖南高院女法官之死:在微信聊天中,她一直称凶手为“慧”

澎湃新闻
2021-01-14 09:30:26

用媳妇手机群发:我怀孕了,局长回:五万够不……

以文化志
2021-01-18 04:31:11

案件回顾:为获巨额遗产,儿子与网友杀害父母,肢解后头颅藏冰箱

笑笑生活说
2021-01-17 05:26:06

凄凉!场均37.5分4连败!仅得10分却赢球,你们都在演我啊

野球帝
2021-01-18 10:58:46

当中国企业在为“几颗白菜”抢破头时,美国公司却不再只想赚钱了

华商韬略
2021-01-17 10:56:23

美国印钞,所以中国通胀?

路财主
2021-01-17 14:33:49
2021-01-18 16:29:02

头条要闻

美媒:特朗普手下收钱帮人求特赦 需花"200万美元"

头条要闻

四川高校一教授跳楼自尽 曾实名举报官员暴力拆迁

体育要闻

"00后"颜丙涛创历史 女友同台甜蜜捧杯

娱乐要闻

张柏芝穿金色薄纱裙 秀香肩雪肤

财经要闻

科技要闻

行贿1.75亿元,三星李在镕获刑2年半

汽车要闻

敢与日系拼油耗 比亚迪宋PLUS DM-i油耗测试

态度原创

房产
本地
健康
数码
公开课

房产要闻

开门红!2.7万/平,封顶摇号,黄埔这宗地抢手!

本地新闻

我们为什么需要亲密关系

为什么阴道炎总是反反复复?

数码要闻

游戏里拍电影:粉丝五百万的小岛秀夫脑洞有多大?

公开课

为什么我一定要卸载这些app:人生毒药

×