It uses its large jaws (嘴) to collect a sticky goo, called resin, from trees. The
bee(9) ______ (make) its home in termite mounds (白蚁丘)
found on trees, using the resin to protect its nest from the termites.
With the development of modern science, it
(1) ________ (seem) that we are living in greater comfort and better
conditions. But, in fact, we are not really living such a better life. This is
because we are now producing much (2) ________ rubbish than ever before, and
many of us are not aware of environmental (3) ________ (protect).
Recently I (4) ________ (find) many of us
students spend too much time sending text messages or (5) ________ (play) games
on cell phones, (6) ________ has negative effects on our studies and also does
harm to our eyes. Worse still, it is a waste of time. We have little time to
communicate with (7) ________ (we) parents and friends. Nor do we have time for
A black hole is a spot in space that has (8)
______ (power) gravity. Its gravity is so strong that it pulls everything
nearby into it, stars, planets and other things. Black holes form when a star
dies. When that happens, a huge amount of matter crowds into a very small
space, (9) ______ becomes very dense. Black holes (10) ______ (talk) about in
1783 first. That year, one scientist said that in the universe, there might be
places with strong gravity to trap light, although he didn’t use the term “black
(1). seems (2). more (3). protection (4). have found (5). playing
(6). which (7). our (8). powerful (9). which (10).were talked
of my father are slim because he was so sick in the last years of his life. But
there are 36 that I
am often reminded of and which may have had some bearing on my love of 37.
When I was small I was somewhat 38 of lightning and thunder. My father explained
it. The explanation was in 39 that
a child could understand but was basically correct. I gained a better 40 later, but I didn’t have to unlearn anything.
What he said was that there was electricity in the
clouds 41 it travelled to the ground like a spark. When
it travelled 42 the air it made the air so hot that it 43. Then there was
nothing where the air had been and the air all around rushed in to 44 the space. He clapped his hands together very
loud, 45 to be the air rushing in, and said that makes
the thunder. When I hear thunder, I can still hear that 46.
He explained why if it was cloudy in the winter the
night was warmer than if it was 47. It was one
of those nights when the sky was full of stars: no moon, no town lights. But
there were more stars than you could 48 and
they had color too. He said that if there were no clouds, we had no blankets
and were 49 to the universe. Our warmth was going to 50 the whole universe. When there were clouds,
they were like blankets and we were not exposed to the universe. I 51 feel on the edge of space on a very clear
I am sure there were many other lessons that I 52 but no
longer remember. What I did 53, in general, was that there were
explanations and that the more I understood them, the more comfortable the world
was to live in. I was not taught that there were 54 but that there was understanding if you looked
for it. This may be why I have always been 55 in science.
36. A. others
37. A. science
38. A. sure
39. A. depth
41. A. but
42. A. above
43. A. shone
44. A. fill
45. A. trying
46. A. clap
47. A. cold
48. A. explore
49. A. committed
51. A. ever
52. A. selected
53. A. consider
54. A. memories
55. A. engaged
CADBA BDBAD ACCBA DCDCB
Why College Is Not Home
college years are supposed to be a time for important growth in autonomy (自主性) and the development of adult identity.
However, now they are becoming an extended period of adolescence, during which
many of today’s students are not shouldered with adult responsibilities.
For previous generations, college
was a decisive break from parental control; guidance and support needed to come
from people of the same age and from within. In the past two decades, however,
continued connection with and dependence on family, thanks to cell phones,
email and social media, have increased significantly. Some parents go so far as
to help with coursework. Instead of promoting the idea of college as a passage
from the shelter of the family to autonomy and adult responsibility,
universities have given in to the idea that they should provide the same
environment as that of the home.
prepare for increased autonomy and responsibility, college needs to be a time
of exploration and experimentation. This process involves “trying on” new ways
of thinking about oneself both intellectually (在思维方面) and personally. While we should provide “safe
spaces” within colleges, we must also make it safe to express opinions and
challenge majority views. Intellectual growth and flexibility are fostered by
strict debate and questioning.
to deal with the social world is equally important. Because a college community
(群体) differs from the family,
many students will struggle to find a sense of belonging. If students rely on
administrators to regulate their social behavior and thinking pattern, they are
not facing the challenge of finding an identity within a larger and complex
the tendency for universities to monitor and shape student behavior runs up
against another characteristic of young adults: the response to being
controlled by their elders. If acceptable social behavior is too strictly
defined (规定) and controlled, the
insensitive or aggressive behavior that administrators are seeking to minimize
may actually be encouraged.
not surprising that young people are likely to burst out, particularly when
there are reasons to do so. Our generation once joined hands and stood firm at
times of national emergency. What is lacking today is the conflict between
adolescents’ desire for autonomy and their understanding of an unsafe world.
Therefore, there is the desire for their dorms to be replacement homes and not
places to experience intellectual growth.
college discussion about community values, social climate and behavior should
include recognition of the developmental importance of student autonomy and
self-regulation, of the
necessary tension between safety and self-discovery.
the author’s attitude toward continued parental guidance to college students?
underlined word “passage” in Paragraph 2 means ______.
to the author, what role should college play?
develop a shared identity among students.
B. To define
and regulate students’ social behavior.
provide a safe world without tension for students.
foster students’ intellectual and personal development.
70. Which of
the following shows the development of ideas in the passage?
I: Introduction P: Point Sp: Sub-point (次要点) C: Conclusion
year, researchers from the University of Michigan reported that empathy, the
ability to understand other people, among college students had dropped sharply
over the past 10 years. __71_ Today, people spend more time alone and
are less likely to join groups and clubs.
Freed, a co-director of a teen program, has another explanation. Turn on the
TV, and you’re showered with news and reality shows full of people fighting,
competing, and generally treating one another with no respect. __72__
are good reasons not to follow those bad examples. Humans are socially related
by nature. __73__ Researchers have also found that empathetic teenagers
are more likely to have high self-respect. Besides, empathy can be a cure for
loneliness, sadness, anxiety, and fear.
is also an indication of a good leader. In fact, Freed says, many top companies
report that empathy is one of the most important things they look for in new
managers. __74__ “Academics are important. But if you don’t have
intelligence, you won’t be as successful in work or in your love life,” she
the best way to up your EQ (情商）? For starters, let down your guard and really
listen to others. __75__
really develop empathy, you’d better volunteer at a nursing home or a hospital,
join a club or a team that has a diverse membership, have a “sharing circle”
with your family, or spend time caring for pets at an animal shelter.
is different, and levels of empathy differ from person to person.
could be because so many people have replaced face time with screen time, the
doesn’t develop empathy by having a lot of opinions and doing a lot of
talking,” Freed says.
learn by example—and most of the examples on it are anything but empathetic.
is a matter of learning how to understand someone else—both what they think and
how they feel.
social skills—including empathy—are a kind of “emotional intelligence”
that will help you succeed in many areas of life.
relationships with other people is an important part of being human—and having
empathy is decisive to those relationships.
It’s great to hear from you. Knowing you
want to see an exhibition about Chinese culture, I’d like to
recommend one to
The exhibition of Chinese folk arts
and crafts is now on at the Capital Museum and will last until April 30th with
free admission. Artists from all over the country bring their masterpieces:
Nianhua paintings from Tianjin, kites from Weifang, paper-cuts from Shaanxi,
and so on.
I strongly suggest you visit this
exhibition, for it will
Chinese culture. You will have a great chance to watch the artists create their
works up close.
there is even a hands-on area for you to make your
exhibition appeal to you? If you are interested, log onto the museum’s official website to
make a reservation. You
won’t be disappointed, I promise!
Last Friday, when I came back home from school,
a notice at the entrance to my building caught my eye. It called on people to
take part in the voluntary work on the following Sunday. The notice aroused my
great interest, urging me to share it with my family immediately.
After supper, we talked about what we could do
for the voluntary opportunity. We agreed on picking up the trash and then we
started making trash grabbers. By tying the bamboo pieces together, we made
several trash grabbers.
Then came the big voluntary day! Carrying those
trash grabbers, we went downstairs and was amazed that some people had already
started their job. Some were sweeping the ground while some were cleaning the
benches. Without any delay, we joined them. Everyone redoubled their efforts in
That evening, I penned this voluntary
opportunity on my diary, as this experience made me feel the joy of labor. It
certainly is worth the active participation.