谣言：rumor 但“造谣”可不是make a rumor！
make只能表达 “编造出谣言”，想表达 “编造并传播” 谣言，地道的说法是 “start a rumor”。
I see Adam's hand in this , It would be just like him to start such a rumor .
Who started the rumor that I’m pregnant?
He started the rumor to embarrass me.
此外，造谣还可以用：cook up a story来表示↓↓↓
cook up =虚构，伪造。
"Tell me why you were late getting to school, and don't cook up a story that I won't believe, " Matthew's mother said.
英语中，用refute the rumor来表示“辟谣”。
Why didn't he refute the rumor？
She finally came up and refuted the rumors about her family.
Sina said it has created a separate channel dubbed “Weibo Refutes Rumors” to spread denials of false information. It announced an email address for users to send reports of possible falsehoods.
文中的Weibo Refutes Rumors就是指“微博辟谣”，也可以称为rumor refutal。
It is rumored that she has committed suicide.