网易首页 > 教育频道 > 正文

双语阅读:有哥哥的孩子语言能力发育更迟缓

0
分享至

Having an older brother comes with plenty of benefits. Big brothers tend to look out for their younger counterparts, and despite the occasional rocky moment here and there, many siblings enjoy life-long close relationships. However, a new study finds an interesting downside: children with older brothers take longer when it comes to developing language skills.

有一个哥哥好处多多。哥哥通常都会保护弟妹,尽管偶尔也会吵架,但许多兄弟或兄妹一辈子关系都很亲密。然而,一项研究发现了一个有趣的弊端:有哥哥的孩子学语言更慢。

The study, conducted by a group of researchers in Paris, France, builds upon prior research that had already established that having older siblings is associated with poor linguistic development. Now, researchers say they have refined those findings to come to a more specific conclusion: only children with an older brother exhibit these linguistic difficulties.

法国巴黎的一个研究团队开展的这项研究基于此前的一项研究结论:有哥哥姐姐的人语言能力更差。现在,研究人员表示,他们得出了更为具体的结论:有哥哥的孩子才会表现出语言学习方面的迟缓。

One would assume that children with older brothers would grow up around more conversation on a daily basis, thus speeding up their language development. Yet researchers say such children actually take longer than their older brothers to begin developing these skills.

你可能会以为,有哥哥的孩子每天在更多对话中成长,因而会加速他们的语言能力发展。然而,研究人员表示,实际上这样的孩子语言能力开始发育的时间比哥哥们更晚。

Researchers studied more than 1,000 children from birth to the age of five-and-a-half years old. Each child’s language skills were tested at ages 2, 3, and 5.5, using tests specially designed to measure numerous aspects of language development such as vocabulary, syntax, and verbal reasoning.

研究人员调查了1000多个孩子,从新生儿到5岁半的孩子。每个孩子在2岁、3岁和5岁半的时候都接受了专门设计的语言能力测试,这些测试是为了衡量词汇量、语法和语言推理等语言发育的多个方面。

What the research team discovered was significant: children with an older brother had, on average, a two-month delay in their language development compared to studied children with an older sister.

研究团队有了重要发现:有哥哥的孩子语言发育平均比有姐姐的孩子晚两个月。

As far as explaining this phenomenon, researchers have proposed two hypotheses. The first is that older sisters tend to talk more often than older brothers, which would compensate for parents potentially being less present than they were for their first child. The second hypothesis is that older sisters usually compete with their siblings less than older brothers for their parents’ attention.

在解释这一现象时,研究人员提出了两种假说。第一种假说是,姐姐说话比哥哥更多,弥补了父母比在第一个孩子身上少花的时间。第二种假说是,相比哥哥,姐姐通常比较不会和弟妹争宠。

As of now, the study’s authors say they can’t say for certain why children with older brothers have a harder time developing language skills. In the future they would like to investigate if culture or location impacts the prevalence of these results.

研究作者称,到目前为止,他们无法明确说出为什么有哥哥的孩子学语言更困难。未来他们想调查文化或地域是否对这种普遍结果造成了影响。

The study is published in?Psychological Science.

该研究发表在《心理科学》上。

相关推荐
热点推荐

尴尬!《好声音》冠军再次参加选秀,台上导师却是《好声音》64强

热血汽车资讯
2021-01-22 09:12:08

YouTuber 认逼15岁少女传裸照!老婆2天前才带球嫁

ETtoday星光云
2021-01-23 17:55:05

4-4-3!皇马被双重打脸,神锋73分钟进3球,齐达内可以下课了

字圆球方
2021-01-24 02:11:50

知名经济学家吴晓波:千万别在中心城市,买第三套房子

财富管理专员
2021-01-23 22:56:49

羡慕死了,我也想有这样的大肝大胃大膀胱!

果壳
2021-01-17 19:15:41

为什么男朋友从来用不对套套?(女生禁看版)

月寒书社
2021-01-19 23:28:11

《浪姐2》陈小纭脸崩了?苹果肌突出鼻子过尖,曾自曝整骨十次

萌神木木
2021-01-23 22:06:39

恋爱后首次公开合体!玄彬换新发型太成熟,孙艺珍穿白裙瘦脱相

里尚七七
2021-01-23 23:29:55

榜首刹车榜二追尾!米兰成为意甲半程冠军,国米落后2分

直播吧
2021-01-24 03:22:07

尼泊尔发生大规模示威,有人批总理亲中国远印度

世界你好
2021-01-24 04:13:58

一男子26岁娶了母亲41岁的闺蜜当老婆,为保持身材要每天“健身”

民生观点
2021-01-23 07:48:11

不欢迎中国游客入境?当地2万群众集体高呼:求中国游客别来了

今日军事要点
2021-01-22 18:42:55

日本最美26岁女魔术师靠性感火辣身材吸引男观众,却因表演时不脱衣被所有人骂“骗子”?

东京新青年
2021-01-23 14:09:39

4换1!曝篮网快船地震级交易,欧文成补强筹码

球王体育
2021-01-23 14:21:24

湄公河战神讲东南亚杀手故事被限流,柬埔寨情侣被杀谜团呼之欲出

李成爱娱乐
2021-01-23 07:06:54

华晨宇勇认“私生子”,为什么是一场顶级舆论操纵公关战?

牛顿顿顿
2021-01-23 10:16:27

西路军覆没,徐向前孤胆历险回延安,毛主席安慰他“有鸡就有蛋”

凡间事
2021-01-23 15:48:50

巴西总统恳请与中国领导人通话、希中方提供疫苗原料?外交部回应

国际大视野
2021-01-23 21:42:45

速度扩散!一定戴好口罩...

寿光云丨新鲜寿光
2021-01-22 17:45:34

0-2!英超4冠王5连败,仅高出降级区7分,贝尼特斯下家找到了?

字圆球方
2021-01-24 06:05:13
2021-01-24 10:01:02

头条要闻

福建副省长抗疫走过场酿夺命事故:我很内疚

头条要闻

福建副省长抗疫走过场酿夺命事故:我很内疚

体育要闻

打的就是精锐!KD观战 篮网被双杀

娱乐要闻

杨幂最新大片曝光 扎麻花辫好清纯

财经要闻

科技要闻

马斯克又要颠覆一个行业了?

汽车要闻

和奥迪A1同平台 全新斯柯达晶锐配置不比Polo差

态度原创

艺术
本地
旅游
房产
公开课

艺术要闻

《丁丁历险记》画稿刷新漫画拍卖纪录

本地新闻

猛 男 在 线 炫 肌 .avi

旅游要闻

南京为什么让人感觉像是北方的城市?

房产要闻

1.26万/㎡!三亚一安居房项目开工 这些人可买

公开课

最新全国十大“铁饭碗”职业:烟草只排第4

×