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GRE作文新增的argument题目(3)
2002年11月04日16:47:01 网易教育 


  the following appeared as part of a recommendation made by a faculty member to the president of a large university.

  "never once in our 150-year history as a university have we clarified our objectives. how, then, can we hope to adapt as an institution to the new challenges facing higher education. as a first step in this evolutionary process, therefore, we should send out questionnaires asking faculty members why they teach, asking students what they want from this university, and asking former students what they gained from their own education here. when the replies come in, we can tabulate them and formulate an official statement of our educational mission. this will surely result in improved programs at our university."

  the following appeared in the editorial section of an educational publication.

  "one study at lee university found that first-semester grades of teenage students who had always attended public, tax-supported schools were slightly lower than the grades of students who had received some home schooling instruction by parents at home, although the grade differences disappeared in the second semester. these results suggest that home schooling is the best way to educate teenage children. therefore, instead of spending more money on public education, the government should provide financial incentives so that home schooling is an option for more parents. after all, children schooled at home receive more attention, since they are taught by the best possible teacher: a parent who has a high stake in educating them well."

  the following report appeared in a memo from the vice president of the southside transportation authority.

"we should abandon our current five-year plan to purchase additional buses to serve the campus of southside university, because students there are unlikely to use them. consider the results of the recent campaign sponsored by the environmental club at southside university: in a program on the campus radio station, the club asked students to call in and pledge that they would commute to school by bus instead of by automobile at least one day per week. only ten percent of the students called in and pledged. in view of the campaign's lack of success, we can assume that the bus service we currently offer will continue to be sufficient to serve the university."

  the following appeared in an editorial in the mason city newspaper.

  "at present, mason city residents seldom use the nearby mason river for any kind of recreational activity, even though surveys of the region's residents consistently rank water sports (swimming, fishing, and boating) as a favorite form of recreation. since there have been complaints about the quality of the water in the river, residents must be avoiding the river because they think that it is not clean enough. but that situation is about to change: the agency responsible for rivers in our region has announced plans to clean up mason river. therefore, recreational use of the river is likely to increase, so the mason city council will need to increase its budget for improvements to the publicly owned lands along the mason river."

  the following is part of a letter from the brookfree school board.

  "as part of our new educational reform program, we identified ten schools most in need of immediate improvement. an advisory committee is now recommending that we hire consultants to study further the schools' problems and to propose a plan of action. only two years ago, however, another group of consultants determined that several schools in our district had problems because their principals were inexperienced. thus, if we want to see immediate improvement in our schools and save the district the money it would spend on hiring more consultants, we should replace all the principals in the ten worst schools with ten of our most experienced principals in the district."

  the following is a memorandum from the business manager of wlss television station.

  "over the past year, our late-night news program has devoted increasingly more time to covering national news and less time to covering weather and local news. during the same time period, most of the complaints we received from viewers were concerned with the station's coverage of weather and local news. in addition, several local businesses that used to run advertisements during our late-night news program have just cancelled their advertising contracts with us. therefore, in order to attract more viewers to our news programs and to avoid losing any further advertising revenues, we should expand the coverage of weather and local news on all our news programs."

  the following was taken from a guide for aspiring writers.

  "new writers usually cannot convince large, prestigious publishers that their work is marketable, so they must first publish with smaller, less well-known presses to establish a sales record. but the editors of mystery writers magazine have good news for aspiring writers: the number of mystery novels published in the last two years has grown significantly, and more people read mysteries than any other type of novel. in addition, almost half of the mystery novels published last year were written by first-time novel writers. since there is apparently an expanding market for mystery novels, all publishers will want to increase the number of mystery novels they publish. therefore, new writers should write mystery novels to increase their chances for first-time publication with a larger, prestigious company."

  the following is a memo from the principal of academia high school.

  "academia high school should abolish its after-school performing-arts programs and replace them with computer-technology programs. when nearby techno high school did so last year, total enrollment in all of its after-school activities remained about the same. moreover, on entering college, many techno students chose a major directly related to their after-school activities. on the other hand, last year only 10 percent of academia's graduating seniors chose performing arts as their major field of study in their first year of college, clearly indicating that most students do not have a strong interest in the performing arts."

  the following appeared in an editorial in the local newspaper of workville.

  "workers should be allowed to reduce their workload from 40 to 25 or even 20 hours per week because it is clear that people who work part-time instead of full-time have better health and improved morale. one store in workville, which began allowing its employees to work part-time last year, reports that fewer days of sick leave were taken last year than in previous years. in contrast, the factory in workville, which does not allow any of its employees to work part-time, had a slight increase in the number of days of sick leave taken last year. in addition, a recent survey reports that most of the store employees stated that they are satisfied with their jobs, while many of the factory employees stated that they are dissatisfied with their jobs."

  the following appeared in an environmental newsletter published in tria island.

  "the marine sanctuary on tria island was established to protect certain marine mammals. its regulations ban dumping and offshore oil drilling within 20 miles of tria, but fishing is not banned. currently many fish populations in tria's waters are declining, a situation blamed on pollution. in contrast, the marine sanctuary on omni island has regulations that ban dumping, offshore oil drilling, and fishing within 10 miles of omni and omni reports no significant decline in its fish populations. clearly, the decline in fish populations in tria's waters is the result of overfishing, not pollution. therefore, the best way to restore tria's fish populations and to protect all of tria's marine wildlife is to abandon our regulations and adopt those of omni."

  the following appeared in the annual report of a chain of stores that sell supplies for do-it-yourself home improvements.

  "current reports indicate that sales of new homes nationwide declined by 9 percent during the past year, while sales of existing homes increased by 16 percent. thus we can expect that the percentage of homeowners who will be making repairs or improvements to their homes will also increase. in addition, people who buy existing homes will have more money left over after the purchase to spend on home improvements. finally, people who buy existing homes are more likely to make improvements themselves, as opposed to paying someone else. these factors combined indicate we can expect an increasing demand for products in all our stores nationwide, thus increasing our profits in the coming year."

  the following appeared in the sherwood times newspaper.

  "a recent study reported that pet owners have longer, healthier lives on average than do people who own no pets. specifically, dog owners tend to have a lower incidence of heart disease. in light of these findings, sherwood hospital should form a partnership with sherwood animal shelter to institute an 'adopt-a-dog' program. the program would encourage dog ownership for patients recovering from heart disease, which will help reduce medical costs by reducing the number of these patients needing ongoing treatment. in addition, the publicity about the program will encourage more people to adopt pets from the shelter, which will reduce the risk of heart disease in the general population."

  the following appeared in an editorial in the garden city gazette.

  "to address the parking problems in our downtown business district, it has been proposed that the city increase parking capacity by building a four-story parking garage. however, this project would cost more than it would to improve the downtown pedestrian plaza. because the pedestrian plaza is an important attraction that draws people to the downtown area, improvements to it will increase business for downtown merchants. the merchants' higher profits will ultimately produce increased tax revenues for the city. therefore, we should invest in the plaza improvements first and then use the revenues thus generated to pay for the construction of the parking garage."

  the vice president for human resources at climpson industries sent the following recommendation to the company's president.

  "in an effort to improve our employees' productivity, we should implement electronic monitoring of employees' internet use from their workstations. employees who use the internet from their workstations need to be identified and punished if we are to reduce the number of work hours spent on personal or recreational activities, such as shopping or playing games. by installing software to detect employees' internet use on company computers, we can prevent employees from wasting time, foster a better work ethic at climpson, and improve our overall profits."

  the following appeared in a health magazine.

  "it has long been believed that getting at least eight hours of sleep a night is good for health. but a recent six-year study of adult sleeping habits found that people who reported sleeping eight or more hours a night had a higher rate of certain health problems than did those who reported sleeping seven hours a night. people who reported sleeping five hours a night also had an increased rate of the health problems, but this increase was slight compared to that for people who reported sleeping eight or more hours a night. clearly, people should try to get seven hours of sleep, and they should worry more about getting too much sleep than too little." 【源文件来自ETS】

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