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包凡一谈TOEFL Writing(2)
2002年12月26日15:05:20 新东方前程信息咨询 


  II. Editorial Comments
  编者点评

  1. Original: Furthermore, transportation keeps everything going easily. Revised: Furthermore, transportation keeps everything running smoothly.

  英语中没有 “going easily” 这种说法。这里作者要表达的意思是“事情进展的比较顺利”,我们可以用 “running smoothly”。请看以下两个例子:

  * Although the car crashed just last week, the mechanic was able to fix it quickly and now it is running smoothly.

  * Although we made some measurement mistakes in our first science experiment, our second one is running smoothly.

  2. Original: Building a shopping center near where we live may have lots of existent and potential advantages. They go as follows.

  Revised: Building a shopping center where we live has a lot of potential advantages, such as the following.

  为了逻辑通顺和语言联贯,由such as 或者 as follows引导的所要列举的一系列事情,应当作为整行句子的一部分,不可以分开为两个句子。以下是几种常用的表示列举的结构:

  * After we moved into our new apartment, I had to buy many new household goods, such as the following: toilet paper, cooking utensils, cleaning supplies, etc.

  * I am in full support of the new legislation for the following reasons.

  * My reasons for studying abroad are as follows.

  * My objections to your decision are listed below.

  3. Original: If it is up to me to decide whether a shopping center should be built near my apartment, I prefer to build it. Revised: If it were up to me to decide whether or not to build a shopping center near my apartment, I would decide to build it.

  请注意,在这里由if引导的从句要用虚拟语气,表示与事实相反的动作或状态。例如:

  If I were a magician, I would not need to study in order to get a perfect score on the TOEFL.

  通常在“if”、“as if ”、 “as though”、 “lest”、“unless”、 “except”、“until”等等引导的从句中,也要用虚拟语态。例如:
If there were no honey, the flowers and the bees would have never met.

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