Mogao Grottoes Records Ancient Chinese Culture
Chinese historians and relics experts claim they have discovered pictorial
evidence for the study of ancient Chinese sciences and technologies inside
the world-renowned Mogao Grottoes (also known as the Thousand Buddha Caves)
in Dunhuang city, China's northwest Gansu Province.
A number of frescoes showing how craftsmen made pottery in the Tang Dynasty
(618 A.D.-907 A.D.), the Five Dynasties period (907 A.D.-960 A.D.) and
Northern Song Dynasty (960 A.D.-1127 A.D.), fill in blanks in the written
historical record of Chinese pottery-making.
The 2,000-year-old Mogao Grottoes, once a vital caravan stop on the ancient
Silk Road linking Central Asia with China, was listed as a World Heritage
Site by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
(UNESCO) in 1987.
More Than 80 Million Visit Qin Terracotta Warriors
More than 80 million people have visited the Qin terracotta warriors and
horses in the past three decades.
The Qin terracotta warriors and horses were buried in the grave of China's
first emperor, Qin Shi Huangdi of the Qin Dynasty (221 B.C.-206 B.C.),
who died more than 2,000 years ago. The clay army was uncovered by peasants
who were digging a well in 1973 in Lintong County of Shaanxi Province,
and was recognized as a World Heritage Site, along with Qin Shi Huangdi's
Mausoleum, in 1987. The museum of the Qin terracotta warriors and horses
has been chosen as one of China's ten national scenic spots.